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  The Encyclopedia of World History.  2001.
 
Subject Index
 
Page 8
 
 
Azeris
3308.
Azes, Indian ruler
130.
Azes II, Indian ruler
130.
Azes dynasty
130.
Azikiwe, Nnamdi, Nigerian leader
2559, 4367.
Azilises, Indian ruler
130.
Azione Cattolica, youth organization
1950.
Aziz Ali al-Masri, Egyptian leader
2612.
Azm dynasty
806.
Aznar, José María, Spanish leader
2887, 2908, 2908, 2910, 2911.
Azores Islands
281, 281, 281, 572, 572, 605, 727, 906, 1936, 1940, 2608, 2710, 2913, 2914.
Azov, fortress
631, 659, 784, 785, 787, 805, 805, 806, 807, 808, 2067.
Aztecs
8, 41, 53, 55, 281. See Mexicas.
Azuchi castle, Japan
857.
Azuchi-Momoyama period, Japan
857.
Azuela, Mariano, writer
2241.
B
 
Baader-Meinhof Gang
3007.
Baalbek
246.
Baalmazzar I, king of Tyre
109.
Baalmazzar II, king of Tyre
109.
Baalu
109.
Baasha, king of Israel
104, 104.
Ba'ath Party, Iraq
3882.
Bab, the
1350, 1350.
Babaeski
433.
Baba'i ben Lutf, Jewish writer
816.
Baba Ishak, Baba Resul
303.
Babak, Abbasid challenger
294.
Babangida, Ibrahim, Nigerian leader
4369, 4369, 4370, 4370, 4371.
Babar, Indian emperor
830, 831.
Babbage, Charles, mathematician
985, 1039.
Babcock, Orville E., U.S. official
1595.
Babemba, African leader
1511.
Babenbergs
484, 493.
Babington, Anthony, conspirator against Elizabeth I
588.
Babism
1349, 1350, 1350.
Babius, Edward, Polish leader
3100.
Babri Masjid mosque, Ayodhya
3977, 3979, 3984.
Babullah, sultan of North Maluku
843.
Babur, Mughal leader
575, 3977.
baby boom
2700, 3390, 3390, 3408, 3443.
Babylon
87.
Babylonia
82, 83, 85, 85, 85, 85, 86, 86, 86, 86, 86, 86, 87, 87, 87, 87, 87, 87, 87, 87, 88, 88, 88, 88, 95, 105, 105, 106, 109, 109, 109, 113, 122, 122, 122, 123, 124, 124, 124, 127, 171, 206, 207, 207, 208, 209, 209, 213, 216, 253, 271.
Babylonian Captivity
See Avignonese papacy.
Bacan
843.
Bacu
3256.
Bacchiadae, rulers of Corinth
178, 178.
Bacchylides, Greek poet
176.
Bach, Alexander, Austrian leader
1238.
Bach, Johann Sebastian, German composer
624.
Bacha-i Saqao
See Habibullah Ghazi, claimant of Afghanistan throne.
Bachofen, Johann J., anthropologist
1143.
Bach system, Austria
1238, 1239.
Bachwezi Empire
883.
Backhurst Park, Suva
4283.
Backward Classes, India
3977, 3977, 3983.
Backwards Classes Commission, India
3960.
Baclé, battle of
1419.
Bacon, Francis, English writer
590, 594.
Bacon, Nathaniel, leader of Virginia revolt
937, 937.
Bacon, Nicholas
588.
Bacon, Roger, scholar
446, 513.
Bacon's Rebellion
937.
Bac Son
2527, 2528.
Bactra
217.
Bactria
123, 130, 207, 207, 213, 214, 216, 216, 217, 217, 217, 217, 324.
Badajoz
480, 1929.
Badakhshan
833.
Badame
2694, 4394.
Badami
326.
Baden
652, 659, 753, 1009, 1096.
Badeni, Casimir
1242.
Badeni Language Ordinances
1243.
Baden-Würtemburg
3002.
Badi’ al-Zaman al-Hamadhani, writer
301.
Badibu
359.
Badoglio, Pietro, Italian leader
1960, 1960, 1960, 1961, 2608, 2617, 2617.
Badr
286, 286.
Badrinath
327.
Sayyid, Badr Shakir al-, poet
3882.
Baekeland, Leo H., discoverer of Bakelite
984, 990.
Baer, Karl von, embryologist
1043.
Baetis (Guadalquivir) River
228, 233.
Báez, Buenaventura, Latin American leader
1695, 1695.
Báez, Cecilio, Latin American leader
1666.
Baffin Bay
995.
Baffin Land
923.
Bagamoyo, German East Africa
1529, 1530, 1768.
Bagaudae, uprising against Rome
266.
Baghdad
82, 281, 285, 291, 292, 292, 293, 294, 294, 294, 294, 295, 296, 296, 297, 297, 297, 297, 298, 298, 299, 300, 300, 300, 300, 300, 301, 301, 302, 302, 303, 303, 303, 304, 305, 306, 307, 307, 317, 318, 319, 331, 375, 411, 419, 432, 473, 474, 488, 793, 795, 799, 800, 801, 805, 807, 809, 812, 815, 815, 970, 1140, 1331, 1331, 1331, 1336, 1347, 1750, 1751, 1752, 2339, 2399, 2406, 2591, 2641, 2879, 3783, 3843, 3879, 3880, 3881, 3884, 3885, 3887.
Baghdad Pact
2654, 3770, 3771.
Baghdad Railway
970, 1133, 1134, 1136, 1140, 1346, 1347.
Bagratian, Hrand, Armenian leader
3308.
Bagyidaw, king of Burma
1402, 1402.
Baha' al-Din al-Multani, Sufi leader
303.
Bahadur, sultan of Bijapur
830.
Bahadur Shah, Mughal ruler
831, 834.
Bahadur Shah II, Mughal emperor
1396.
Baha'I, sheik, Iranian scholar and religious leader
814.
Baha'ism, mystical movement
1350, 1350, 1352, 3817.
Bahamas
572, 906, 907, 938, 2587, 2599, 2774.
Baharlu (Barani) family
307.
Bahawalpur
4011.
Bahia
914, 914, 915, 915, 916, 918, 918, 918, 918, 1656.
BaHima
883.
Bahmani dynasty
333, 333, 333, 333, 334.
Bahman Shah, ruler of India
333.
Bahrain
296, 812, 820, 820, 1358, 1360, 1361, 1362, 2339, 2410, 2413, 2413, 2636, 3772, 3780, 3785, 3897, 3898, 3898, 3898, 3899; and Great Britain, 3897.
Bahr al-Ghazal
1370, 1525.
Bahram (Varahran) I, king of Persia
258.
Bahram (Varahran) II, king of Persia
272.
Bahram III, king of Persia
272.
Bahram IV, king of Persia
273.
Bahram V, king of Persia
273, 273.
Bahram V Gor, Sassanian king
324.
Bahram VI, Persian general and ruler
275, 275.
Bahriyya sultanate
319.
Bahunar, Muhammad Javad, Iranian leader
3822.
Bai Chongxi, Chinese leader
2470.
Baikonur space center
3333.
Bailly, Jean Sylvain, French leader
1001, 1001, 1006.
Bailundo
1543.
Bairam Khan, guardian of emperor Akbar
831.
Baird, John L., inventor
1736.
Baird v. Eisenstadt
3423.
Baireuth
759.
Bait Act, Newfoundland
1641.
Baja California
903, 903, 904, 910, 3706, 3709.
Bajío
911, 1653.
Bajuk, Andrej, Slovenian leader
3194.
Bakelite
984.
Bakenref, king of Egypt
95.
Baker, James, U.S. leader
3255.
Baker, Josephine, entertainer
1816.
Baker, Samuel
1508, 1508.
Bakewell, Robert, English agriculturist
647.
Bakhtiari, Persian people
977.
Bakhtiyar, Shahpur, Iranian leader
3821, 3821, 3827.
Bakhtiyaris
1352, 2338.
Baki, Ottoman poet
799.
Bakin, Takizawa, writer
1437.
Bakke, Allan, activist
3426.
Bakke v. University of California
3390, 3426.
BaKongo
351, 869, 1506, 1545, 2568.
Bakr Sidqi, Iraqi leader
2405, 2406.
Bakr Subashi, Janissary leader
800.
Baksar, battle of
835.
Baku
1349, 1753, 1753, 2067, 3313.
Bakunin, Mikhail A., Russian leader
1143, 1143, 1258, 1260.
Balaguer, Joaquín, Dominican leader
3735, 3736, 3736, 3740, 3740, 3741, 3741, 3742, 3742, 3742, 3742, 3742, 3742, 3743, 3743.
Balaiada
1677.
Balai Pustaka, Indonesian publishing house
2456.
Balambangan
841.
balance of power
535; in Europe, 1102.
Balaputradeva, Sumatran king
324.
Balash, king of Persia
273, 273.
Balassa, Valentine, Hungarian poet
636.
Balban, ruler of India
331, 331, 333.
Balbinus, Roman emperor
257.
Balbo, Cesare
1069, 1091, 1210.
Balbo, Italo, Italian Fascist leader
1815, 1945.
Balboa, Vasco Núñez de, Spanish explorer
281, 573, 865, 895, 895.
Balcerowicz, Leszek, Polish leader
3113.
Baldomir, Alfredo, Uruguayan leader
2253, 2253.
Baldwin, count of Flanders
508.
Baldwin I, king of Jerusalem
505, 505, 505.
Baldwin I, Latin emperor
496, 508, 508, 508.
Baldwin II, Latin emperor
495, 497, 509, 510, 564.
Baldwin, Stanley, earl
1822, 1839, 1841, 1844, 1849, 1850, 1851.
Baldwin Iron-Arm, count of Flanders
413, 417, 454, 507.
Balearic Islands
412, 479, 1131.
Balev, Milko, Bulgarian leader
3239.
Balewa, Abubakar Tafawa, Nigerian leader
4367, 4367.
Balfour, earl, Arthur James, English leader
1155, 1162, 1163, 1710, 1784, 2389.
Balfour Declaration
2385, 2388, 2391, 2393, 2396.
Balgimbayev, Nurlan, Kazakh leader
3338.
Bali
133, 837, 1412, 1414.
Balijas
830.
Balikh River
82.
Baling
4113.
Baliol, Edward, king of Scotland
517, 517, 517.
Baliol, John, claimant to the Scottish throne
447, 512.
Balkan Committee
3208.
Balkan confederation
1287.
Balkan conference
1829.
Balkan defense alliance
3167, 3167, 3168, 3168.
Balkan league
1304.
Balkan Mountains
18, 430, 437, 439, 496, 503, 1108, 1299.
Balkan Pact
1723, 1829, 1831, 2170, 2332.
Balkan Peninsula
31, 46, 168, 183, 228, 257, 257, 261, 262, 262, 264, 264, 265, 281, 299, 310, 310, 311, 313, 315, 374, 406, 427, 428, 429, 430, 439, 488, 494, 498, 498, 500, 501, 501, 503, 504, 510, 532, 560, 562, 562, 563, 563, 564, 567, 575, 578, 791, 806, 811, 955, 957, 959, 962, 979, 999, 1099, 1100, 1105, 1107, 1110, 1112, 1114, 1114, 1114, 1114, 1133, 1134, 1135, 1136, 1136, 1136, 1140, 1225, 1235, 1243, 1256, 1260, 1271, 1271, 1271, 1271, 1271, 1271, 1279, 1280, 1284, 1284, 1286, 1327, 1332, 1333, 1340, 1341, 1341, 1342, 1342, 1344, 1344, 1345, 1348, 1348, 1826, 1831, 1836, 1991, 2127, 2163, 2165, 2169, 2174, 2718, 3037, 3250, 3273; and Austro-Russian agreement, 789; and Ottoman Empire, 1328; WWI, 1742, 1742, 1742, 1743, 1746, 1758; WWII, 2590, 2590, 2592, 2593, 2597.
Balkan States
See Balkan Peninsula.
Balkan Wars
980, 1136, 1138, 1138, 1138, 1225, 1244, 1266, 1266, 1281, 1282, 1293, 1294, 1297, 1308, 1309, 1309, 1318, 1318, 1324, 1326, 1346, 1348, 1348, 1348, 1348, 2160.
Balkars
3271.
Balkh
302, 305, 833.
Ball, Albert, British pilot
1766.
Ball, Hannah, founder of first English Sunday school
688.
Ball, John, religious leader
513, 514.
Balladur, Edouard, French leader
2881, 2881.
Ballance, John, New Zealand leader
1504.
Ballarat
1490.
Ballard, John, conspirator against Elizabeth I
588.
Balli Kombetar, Albanian party
2143.
Ballilla, Italian Fascists
1948.
Ballinger-Pinchot controversy
1617.
Balliol College, Oxford
446.
Balliván, Hugo, Bolivian leader
3538, 3538.
Ballivián, Adolfo, Latin American leader
1668.
Ballivián, José, Latin American leader
1668.
Ballot Act, England
1160.
Ballymoney
2815.
Balmaceda, José Manuel, Latin American leader
1663, 1663, 1664.
Balochistan
3990, 4004, 4011.
Balodis, Jnis, Latvian leader
2100.
Balsha family, Serbia
562.
Balta, José, Latin American leader
1670.
Balta Liman, convention of
1312.
Balthas, Visigoth royal house
403.
Baltic convention
1132.
Baltic duchy, German efforts to organize
2096.
Baltic Islands
1803.
Baltic Pact
2092, 2100, 2106.
Baltic region
281, 402, 460, 461, 486, 511, 544, 548, 548, 548, 548, 548, 550, 550, 551, 555, 555, 556, 557, 557, 620, 627, 628, 628, 628, 628, 629, 629, 632, 644, 657, 659, 703, 761, 761, 762, 766, 776, 780, 786, 955, 1774, 1821, 1822, 1831, 1836, 1837, 1838, 1992, 2051, 2056, 2067, 2080, 2084, 2084, 2084, 2084, 2084, 2096, 2097, 2101, 2103, 2637, 2685, 2687, 3300; WWI, 1774; WWII, 2597; and Russia, 3298, 3303, 3304, 3346.
Baltic Sea
29, 31, 482, 486, 488, 1623, 3349; pollution reduction, 2735.
Baltimore
1565, 1572, 1594, 3413, 3432, 4266.
Baltimore and Ohio Railroad
1574.
Balts
402, 482.
Baluchistan
272.
Bamako
1511, 1511, 4362.
Bamangwato
2572.
Bambara
870, 871, 2555.
Bambara people
1510, 1510.
Bambatha, African leader
1558.
Bamberg
417.
Bambudye
885.
Bambuk
878.
Bamiyan
129.
Bana, poet
324.
Banaras
835, 1394, 1398.
Banat
1742, 1760, 1779.
Banat of Temesvar
758, 1787, 2128.
Banavasi
132, 133, 326.
Ban Biao, Chinese historian
156.
Ban Chao, Chinese leader
155.
Ban Chiang
64.
Banda, Hastings Kamuzu, Malawian leader
4456, 4456, 4459, 4459, 4459, 4459, 4459, 4459, 4459, 4459, 4460.
Band Aid Fund
2681.
Banda Oriental
915, 917, 1644, 1644, 1644, 1644, 1646, 1647, 1658, 1658, 1665, 1677; independence of, 1658. See Uruguay.
Bandar Abbas
814, 814, 817, 821, 1360.
Bandaranaike, Anura, Sri Lankan leader
4036, 4037.
Bandaranaike, Mrs. Sirimavo, Sri Lankan leader
4028, 4029, 4032, 4033, 4035, 4037.
Bandaranaike, Sirimavo, Sri Lankan leader
4026, 4028, 4032, 4036, 4039.
Bandkeramik Complex
37.
Bandung
2681.
Bandung Conference
2637, 2654, 3906, 3907, 4147.
Baner, Johann, Swedish commander
620, 622.
Banggai
843.
Bangkok
848, 849, 1406, 1409, 1409, 2485, 2626, 4067, 4068, 4109, 4110, 4133.
Bangladesh
2636, 2644, 2668, 2686, 3971, 3971, 3976, 4003, 4003, 4003, 4016, 4016, 4017, 4018, 4023, 4025; civil war, 4016; declaration of independence, 4016; economy and society, 4017; floods, 4018, 4023, 4025; cyclone, 4024.
Bangladesh Flood Alteration Plan
4023.
Bangladeshis
3971, 4021.
Bangladesh Krishak-Sramik Awami League
4018.
Bangladesh National Party, BNP
4022, 4023.
Bangor
425.
Ban Gu, Chinese historian
156.
Bangui, Central African Republic
4334, 4334.
Bangweolu
1509.
Banias oil terminal
3842.
Bani Sadr, Abu al-Hasan, Iranian leader
3822.
Banishment Act, England
698.
Bank Bill, U.S.
1576.
Bank Charter Act, England
1049.
Bank Deposit Insurance Act, U.S.
2202.
Bank for International Settlements
1718, 1721, 1829.
banking
1049, 1056, 1077, 1080, 1087, 1096, 1700, 1700, 1720, 2231; Great Britain, 1156; Belgium, 1171, 1171; France, 1178; Italy, 1221, 1221; Germany, 1231, 1235; Russia, 1261, 1261; Poland, 1267; Serbia, 1288; Bulgaria, 1301, 1304, 1306; Ottoman Empire, 1335; Iran, 1351; Morocco, 1376; Algeria, 1382; Tunisia, 1387; Libya, 1393; Japan, 1452; U.S., 1565, 1573, 1576, 1576, 1588, 1620; Nicaragua, 1619; Canada, 1625, 1625, 1641.
Banking Act, Australia
4297, 4298.
Banking Act of 1933, U.S.
2202.
Banking Acts, Ireland
699.
Bank Melli Iran
2339.
Bank Misr, Egypt
2353, 3909.
Bank of Canada Act
2231.
Bank of Credit and Commerce International
2684.
Bank of England
680, 685, 1049, 1720, 1829, 2691, 2759, 2800.
Bank of Finland
3075.
Bank of France
1720, 1829, 1905, 1912.
Bank of Greece
3226.
Bank of Korea
2488.
Bank of Lisbon
1064.
Bank of New Zealand
4314.
Bank of Poland
2118.
Bank of Santa Teresa, Lombardy
742.
Bank of Thailand
4074.
Bank of the United States
1565; second, 1573; proposal for third, 1576.
Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi Ltd
4249.
Bankruptcy of the Two-Thirds, France
1009.
Banks, Joseph
878.
Bannockburn, battle of
512, 512, 517.
Bano, Shah, Indian divorcee
3978.
Banque de France
2839.
Banque Générale, France
715.
Banque Royale, France
715.
 
 
The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth edition. Peter N. Stearns, general editor. Copyright © 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Maps by Mary Reilly, copyright 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

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