VI. The World Wars and the Interwar Period, 1914–1945 > F. The Middle East and North Africa, 1914–1945 > 2. The Middle East > i. Iraq
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  The Encyclopedia of World History.  2001.
 
(See 1913–14)
 
i. Iraq
 
 
1920, May 5
 
The League of Nations mandate for Iraq was formally accepted by Britain. The newly created country, made up of the former Ottoman provinces of Baghdad, Mosul, and Basra, had a population of around 3 million, about 80 percent of whom spoke Arabic as their first language (some 15 percent were primarily Kurdish speakers). About 90 percent of Iraqis were Muslims, the majority of them (60 percent) Shi’ites. Four-fifths of the population was rural, and Baghdad ranked as the largest urban center, with some 200,000 residents.  1
 
June
 
Anti-British revolt in northern and central Iraq, which lasted most of the summer.  2
 
Oct. 1
 
Arrival of Sir Percy Cox as British high commissioner in Iraq.  3
 
 
 
The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth edition. Peter N. Stearns, general editor. Copyright © 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Maps by Mary Reilly, copyright 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

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