V. The Modern Period, 1789–1914 > A. Global and Comparative Dimensions > 4. Polar Explorations > c. 19th-Century Explorations
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  The Encyclopedia of World History.  2001.
 
 
c. 19th-Century Explorations
1806
 
William Scoresby reached a record north and wrote the influential Account of the Arctic Regions.  1
 
1818
 
Twin expedition of John Ross and Edward Parry to Baffin Bay.  2
 
1819–26
 
John Franklin's land explorations of northern Canada.  3
 
1820–23
 
Baron Wrangel's explorations of Siberia.  4
 
1821–23
 
Edward Parry's second expedition.  5
 
1824
 
Parry's third expedition, seeking a northern sea passage around North America.  6
 
1827
 
Parry set record north, departing from Spitsbergen.  7
 
1829–33
 
John Ross and his nephew, James Clark Ross, explored northern Canada, and James Ross located north magnetic pole in 1831.  8
 
1841–43
 
JAMES CLARK ROSS explored Antarctic coasts and islands, claiming large areas for Great Britain, and set a record south that lasted for 60 years.  9
 
1845–48
 
The expedition of SIR JOHN FRANKLIN completed the discovery of the full Northwest Passage, but all members of the expedition perished.  10
 
1848–59
 
Franklin Relief Expeditions finally discovered the fate of the Franklin group and also discovered and mapped significant portions of regions in North America.  11
 
 
 
The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth edition. Peter N. Stearns, general editor. Copyright © 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Maps by Mary Reilly, copyright 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

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