VII. The Contemporary Period, 1945–2000 > D. Latin America, 1945–2000 > 4. Mexico, 1946–2000 > c. The Dominican Republic
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  The Encyclopedia of World History.  2001.
 
(See 1941, Dec. 8)
 
c. The Dominican Republic
 
 
1947, May 16
 
Rafael Leonidas Trujillo, who had controlled the country since 1930, was reelected as president. His reign of corruption and terror, which included seven different intelligence agencies and required all citizens to carry passes, continued unabated.  1
 
1947–50
 
The Dominican Republic accused its neighbors, notably Cuba and Guatemala, of abetting subversive activities directed against Trujillo. The OAS council considered the matter and condemned the Dominican Republic, as well as Cuba and Guatemala, for engaging in conspiracies and attempted invasions.  2
 
1952
 
A bilateral agreement with Haiti was signed, providing 20,000 Haitian laborers per year for work on state-owned Dominican sugar estates. Because of the U.S. market, Dominican sugar was booming at this time, but workers were forced to live in slavelike conditions.  3
 
1960, Feb
 
Weary of the brutal Trujillo regime and preparing for the Bay of Pigs invasion, U.S. president Dwight D. Eisenhower approved Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) plans to start aiding opponents of the regime.  4
 
Aug. 3
 
Trujillo supporter V.P. Joaquín Balaguer (b. 1907) was sworn in as president, succeeding Hector Trujillo Molina, who resigned on Aug. 2. Popular unrest continued, and the OAS maintained sanctions in August and September.  5
 
 
 
The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth edition. Peter N. Stearns, general editor. Copyright © 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Maps by Mary Reilly, copyright 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

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