VI. The World Wars and the Interwar Period, 1914–1945 > J. Africa, 1914–1945 > 2. Regions > e. West Central Africa
  PREVIOUS NEXT  
CONTENTS · SUBJECT INDEX · BIBLIOGRAPHIC RECORD
  The Encyclopedia of World History.  2001.
 
(See 1914)
 
e. West Central Africa
 
 
1912
 
Discovery of diamonds in Lunda area of Angola. Mining of diamonds in Angola began in 1916, and first exports in 1920.  1
 
1914–18
 
Troops of the Belgian Congo assisted the French and the British in coordinating the war against Germany.  2
 
1916
 
Holy Ghost Fathers replaced German Pallottine Fathers in Cameroon. Seventh Day Adventists began work in the Belgian Congo.  3
 
1917
 
Female slavery prohibited by the French in Cameroon.  4
 
1920
 
Extensive reorganization of local government in the Belgian Congo.  5
Bwiti cult began in Gabon; Kiyoka cult started in Angola.  6
 
1921
 
Simon Kimbangu, a BaKongo peasant and catechist, declared that he was an emissary of God, chosen to lead his people from under the yoke of Belgian colonialism. He was arrested that year, but his movement persisted in rural areas for more than 30 years despite concerted persecution.  7
 
1922, July
 
Two hundred forty-four followers of Simon Kimbangu were deported from the Huri district.  8
 
1923
 
Many Kimbanguist churches opened in the Belgian Congo.  9
Slavery abolished in Cameroon.  10
 
1925
 
Kimbanguists banned in Kasai. Watchtower movement (Kitawala) introduced by Romo Nyirenda Mnyasa into Katanga.  11
The University of Louvain established medical and agricultural institutes in the Belgian Congo.  12
 
1926, May 28
 
A Military coup in Portugal led to the Estado Novo, and the accession to power of Antonio Salazar in 1928. Estado Novo revived colonial development policies, especially with respect to cotton, forcing many peasants in Angola and Mozambique to convert to cotton production instead of food crops, at great cost to their living standards.  13
 
1929
 
Electric lighting introduced into Douala.  14
 
 
 
The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth edition. Peter N. Stearns, general editor. Copyright © 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Maps by Mary Reilly, copyright 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

CONTENTS · SUBJECT INDEX · BIBLIOGRAPHIC RECORD
  PREVIOUS NEXT