II. Ancient and Classical Periods, 3500 B.C.E.–500 C.E. > E. Rome > 5. The Later Empire, 284–527 C.E. > c. From the Death of Julian to the Death of Valentinian III
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  The Encyclopedia of World History.  2001.
 
 
c. From the Death of Julian to the Death of Valentinian III
363–364
 
Flavius JOVIANUS (b. c. 331) was elected emperor by Julian's soldiers. He surrendered Mesopotamia to the Persians and died soon after (364, Feb. 17).  1
 
364–375
 
Flavius VALENTINIANUS I (Valentinian, b. 321) was the next choice of the army. He ably defended the west against the barbarians and made his brother Valens co-Augustus in the east (364, Mar. 28).  2
 
367
 
Valentinian made his son, Gratian, co-emperor in the west.  3
 
374
 
Valentinian died on an expedition against the Quadi and Sarmatians (Nov. 17).  4
 
375–383
 
Flavius GRATIANUS (Gratian, b. 359) named his young half brother Valentinian II (b. 371) co-Augustus in the west.  5
 
376
 
The Visigoths (West Goths) crossed the Danube and wiped out Valens and his army at Adrianople (378, Aug. 9). The Goths continued to ravage the Balkan region.  6
 
379, Jan. 19
 
Gratian appointed as co-Augustus for the east, Theodosius, son of Valentinian's magister equitum.  7
 
379–395
 
Flavius THEODOSIUS “THE GREAT” (b. 346). He came to terms with the Goths by settling them as military allies (federates) in the Balkans.  8
 
383
 
The British legions proclaimed Magnus Maximus, who seized Gaul. Gratian was slain at Lugdunum (Aug. 25). Theodosius recognized Maximus.  9
 
387
 
When Maximus drove Valentinian II from Italy, Theodosius captured and executed Maximus at Aquileia (388, July 28).  10
 
392, May 15
 
The Frankish magister militum Arbogast murdered Valentinian II at Vienne and set up as emperor the non-Christian rhetorician Eugenius.  11
 
 
 
The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth edition. Peter N. Stearns, general editor. Copyright © 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Maps by Mary Reilly, copyright 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

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