V. The Modern Period, 1789–1914 > B. The French Revolution and Europe, 1789–1914 > 8. Eastern Europe and the Balkans, 1762–1914 > c. The Balkans > 7. Regional Movements > b. Albania > 1881
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  The Encyclopedia of World History.  2001.
 
 
1881
 
The League of Prizren, under the continued leadership of Abdul Frashëri, declared a provisional Albanian government, which ended in Ottoman suppression. Despite this failure, the league had succeeded in changing the original plans of the European great powers and prevented some lands from falling into the hands of Greece and Montenegro.  1
 
1889
 
With the publication of the epic poem The History Skanderbeg, Naim Frashëri won his reputation as Albanian national poet.  2
 
1897, Nov
 
Fearing the encroachment of border nations, Albanian leaders met at Pejë to organize in the face of repeated rejections from the Porte of Albanian unity and autonomy.  3
 
1905
 
The Committee for the Liberation of Albania was formed and began an active guerrilla campaign in the south against the Ottomans and Greeks.  4
 
1908
 
Albanian leaders met in Bitola and formally adopted the Latin alphabet. They looked to the Young Turks for solutions to their grievances with the Porte, sending the foremost Albanian leader, Ismail Kemal Vlora, to the assembly summoned in Constantinople, but they were disappointed with the results.  5
 
1910, March
 
The Kosovo region rose up in rebellion, followed shortly by the population of the northern mountains, led by Ded Gjo Luli. The Ottomans suppressed the Kosovo revolt and closed all national organizations after three months of fighting, but faced with internal problems, they could not effectively meet such opposition with force alone. The people in the mountains remained in rebellion.  6
 
1912
 
Following the call for elections, the Ottoman deputies H. Prishtina and Ismail Kemal Vlora urged a national revolt. Albanian patriots of all three religions met to declare their independence and to create the Vlora government. In Aug., the rebels took Skopje, but the Ottomans could not respond before the outbreak of the First Balkan War.  7
 
1913, July 29
 
The European great powers meeting in London recognized an independent Albania, but refused to recognize the Vlora government. They chose, instead, to establish a committee with only one Albanian delegate to create a new government. The committee chose Prince Wilhelm von Wied to be Albania's first king. His reign lasted only six months. Stability proved elusive as Europe entered World War I. (See Albania)  8
 
 
 
The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth edition. Peter N. Stearns, general editor. Copyright © 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Maps by Mary Reilly, copyright 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

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