VI. The World Wars and the Interwar Period, 1914–1945 > J. Africa, 1914–1945 > 2. Regions > f. Southern Africa
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  The Encyclopedia of World History.  2001.
 
(See 1914)
 
f. Southern Africa
 
 
1. North of the Limpopo
1915, Jan
 
John Chilembwe, an American-trained pastor, led a brief uprising against colonial rule in Nyasaland (Malawi), sparked by forced conscription into World War I and by complaints of labor tenants.  1
 
1917–19
 
Widespread rebellion in Zambezi region of Mozambique, over wartime labor demands; not finally pacified in Barwe area until 1919.  2
 
1920–30
 
Growth of religious and cultural movements in Southern Rhodesian mining compounds, including Watchtower movement, called Kitawala, and Beni dance associations. Beni dance associations were a syncretic mix of African dance and European marching bands.  3
 
1923
 
White settlers in Southern Rhodesia (Zimbabwe) gained self-governing status.  4
 
1925, April
 
White women in Southern Rhodesia granted suffrage.  5
 
1927
 
African workers called a strike in Southern Rhodesia.  6
 
1930
 
Land Apportionment Act in Southern Rhodesia reserved half of the land, and most of the good farming land, for whites, and confirmed the status of African reserves, while requiring African tenants to work for white landlords.  7
Makape “cleansing” cult emerged in Nyasaland.  8
 
c. 1930
 
Welfare societies or self-help groups established amongst Africans in Northern Rhodesian mines.  9
 
1933
 
Tshekedi Khama, regent of Bamangwato, deposed by the British for exceeding his powers. Tshekedi subsequently reinstated.  10
Native authorities in Nyasaland instructed on model of indirect rule.  11
 
1935, May
 
Strike by African mineworkers on Copperbelt of Northern Rhodesia (Zambia), sparked by changes in poll tax administration which worked to the detriment of urban areas.  12
 
 
 
The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth edition. Peter N. Stearns, general editor. Copyright © 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Maps by Mary Reilly, copyright 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

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