V. The Modern Period, 1789–1914 > B. The French Revolution and Europe, 1789–1914 > 6. European Diplomacy, 1848–1914
  The Encyclopedia of World History.  2001.
(See 1841, July 13)
6. European Diplomacy, 1848–1914
The period was marked by the unification of Italy and Germany, constant friction over the Balkans, and a policy of alliances that ultimately involved most of the European powers in one group or another. The effect of technical and industrial advance on warfare resulted in growing anxiety for security on all sides, and consequently to alignments for the event of war, which, in fact, tended to make war more likely. At the same time the expansion of European powers in Africa and Asia greatly extended the field of possible friction.  1
1849, June 17
Russian troops entered Hungary and ended revolutionary action by Aug. 13. Minor conflict resulted from Constantinople's refusal to extradite the leader, Lajos Kossuth.  2
The Don Pacifico affair. Don Pacifico was a Moorish Jew, but a British subject. He held large claims against the Greek government, which he pressed with vigor until an anti-Semitic mob burned his house in Athens (Dec. 1849). The British responded with an embargo on all Greek vessels in the Piraeus and finally seized them (Jan. 1850). After abortive mediation by the French, the Greeks were eventually forced to comply (April 26).  3
April 19
Britain and the United States signed the Clayton-Bulwer Treaty regulating their relations with regard to Central America.  4
The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth edition. Peter N. Stearns, general editor. Copyright © 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Maps by Mary Reilly, copyright 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.