IV. The Early Modern Period, 1500–1800 > I. North America, 1500–1789 > 3. Colonial History, 1641–1737 > d. The Southern Colonies
  The Encyclopedia of World History.  2001.
d. The Southern Colonies
Grant of Carolina by the king to eight proprietors, including the earl of Clarendon. The grant included land between 31° and 36° north latitude.  1
Grant of the Bahamas to the Carolina proprietors.  2
Adoption of the Fundamental Constitutions, drawn up for Carolina by John Locke, which provided for an archaic feudal regime totally unsuited to the needs of a frontier colony.  3
In Carolina, for the first time in any colony, blacks outnumbered whites.  4
Defeat of the Yamassees and allied Indian tribes in Carolina. They were driven into Spanish Florida.  5
REORGANIZATION OF THE CAROLINAS. Popular discontent and disputes over the disposition of Yamassee land led the Board of Trade to replace the proprietors and establish royal governments in both North and South Carolina.  6
Slaves had increased to nearly 65 percent of South Carolina's population of 18,350. African slaves made the cultivation of rice in the colony profitable by introducing the “mortar and pestle” technique for removing rice grains from husks. In the Stono Rebellion (1739), some 20 miles west of Charleston, slaves launched a full-scale effort to gain their freedom. Before the uprising was put down, 30 whites and 44 blacks had lost their lives.  7
FOUNDING OF GEORGIA, the last of the 13 English colonies on the continent. James Oglethorpe became interested in the settlement of the region. An advocate of a strong policy against the Spanish and a humanitarian interested in improving the condition of imprisoned debtors, he conceived the idea of a buffer colony between the English and the rival French and Spanish settlements. In 1732 he secured a charter granting to him and his associates the region between the Savannah and the Altamaha Rivers from sea to sea.  8
Slavery in Georgia was banned. However, in 1749, after rice culture spread to the colony, the ban was rescinded.  9
The population of Charles Town, the region's major urban center, rose to nearly 10,000, representing an increase of more than 500 percent between 1700 and 1740.  10
The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth edition. Peter N. Stearns, general editor. Copyright © 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Maps by Mary Reilly, copyright 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.