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  The Encyclopedia of World History.  2001.
 
Subject Index
 
Page 2
 
 
Addled Parliament, England
590.
Adela, sister of Henry I of England
444, 444.
Adelaide, Australia
1489, 1489, 1494, 1494, 1494.
Adelard of Bath, scholar
444.
Adelheid, widow
465.
Adelheid, wife of Otto I
416, 417.
Aden
794, 1327, 1359, 1360, 1363, 2408, 2413, 2413, 2413, 2415, 2443, 3441, 3891, 3891, 3891, 3891, 3892, 3892, 3895; University of, 3894.
Aden-Abyan Islamic Army
3895.
Adena culture
53.
Aden Association
3891.
Adenauer, Konrad, German leader
2709, 2710, 2711, 2854, 2982, 2987, 2991, 2992, 2992, 2992, 2994, 2998, 2998, 2999, 2999, 2999, 3003.
Aden Trades Union Congress
3891.
Adhemar of Puy, papal legate
505.
Adhruh
288.
Shishakli, Adib al-, Syrian leader
3839, 3839.
Adige
1946.
Aditya Dibabha, Siamese prince
2452.
Aditya I, ruler of India
328, 328.
Adivar, Halide Edip, writer
3794.
Adler, Alfred, psychoanalyst
1144.
Adlersparre, Georg
765.
Adli Yegen, Egyptian leader
2354.
Administration of Justice Act, England
944.
Admiralty Islands
2630.
Admonitions for Women
156.
Admonitions of Ipuwer
91.
Adolf I of Nassau, Holy Roman emperor
540, 540.
Adolf of Holstein
456, 460.
Suarez, Adolfo
2896.
Adolphus Frederick of Oldenburg-Holstein-Gottorp, king of Sweden
761, 763.
Adonijah
104.
Adorno, Genoese family
612.
Adrian I, pope
411.
Adrian IV, pope
425, 444, 468, 468, 471.
Adrian VI, pope
607, 609.
Adrian of Utrecht
See Adrian VI, pope.
Adrianople
262, 262, 264, 310, 313, 313, 403, 403, 436, 437, 438, 440, 440, 496, 497, 501, 504, 507, 508, 509, 509, 509, 509, 567, 567, 798, 1137, 1138, 1138, 1139, 1329, 1343, 1348, 2321, 2330; treaty of, 1258, 1284, 1311, 1329.
Adriatic Sea
211, 222, 227, 229, 314, 438, 438, 472, 473, 492, 493, 498, 538, 562, 563, 607, 793, 1026, 1114, 1132, 1135, 1137, 1137, 1138, 1743, 1771, 1778, 1818, 1941, 1941, 2635.
Adua, battle of
967, 1121, 1222, 1506, 1523, 1953.
Adud al-Dawla, Buyid leader
300.
Advisory Council for Italy, WWII
1961.
Aedui people
247.
Aegae, Vergina
182.
Aegates Islands
230.
Aegean Islands
170, 174, 177, 1137, 1137, 1138, 1138, 1283.
Aegean Sea
42, 111, 168, 172, 175, 177, 179, 188, 198, 209, 209, 211, 218, 229, 257, 312, 312, 314, 314, 501, 508, 532, 538, 538, 607, 793, 1108, 1108, 1114, 1135, 1139, 1225, 1343, 1367, 1750, 1786, 1788, 2160, 2171, 2591, 2754.
Aegina
176, 178, 182, 187, 188, 192, 192, 193, 195.
Aehrenthal, Alois
1132, 1132, 1132.
Aelia Capitolina
253.
Aemilia
268.
Aemilianus, Roman emperor
257, 257.
Aeneid
239.
Aeolians
170, 175, 175, 182.
Aeolic architecture
176.
Aeolus
199.
Aequi
222, 222, 225, 225, 226.
Aeroflot
2704.
Aeschines, Athenian leader
204, 205, 207.
Aeschylus, Greek playwright
186.
Aetheling, Edgar
See Edgar I, king of England.
Aëtios, Byzantine general
433.
Aëtius, Flavius, Roman general
266, 266, 267, 267, 402, 402, 407.
Aetolia
168, 206, 209, 210, 210, 210, 211, 211, 211, 211, 214, 232, 233, 233, 233.
Aetolian League
210, 210, 211.
Afar, Ethiopia
4397.
Afars group, Djibouti
4393.
Aferki, Issaias, Eritrean leader
4394.
Afghanistan
73, 129, 300, 300, 302, 302, 334, 791, 814, 819, 819, 819, 834, 971, 1108, 1112, 1131, 1261, 1327, 1346, 1350, 1351, 1354, 1354, 1354, 1354, 1354, 1354, 1354, 1354, 1355, 1355, 1355, 1355, 1355, 1356, 1356, 1356, 1357, 1394, 1394, 1397, 1398, 2333, 2346, 2348, 2350, 2637, 2638, 2677, 2694, 3269, 3437, 3784, 3784, 3785, 3786, 3828, 3831, 3832, 3832, 3832, 3834, 3834, 3835, 3835, 3836, 3836, 3836, 3837, 3837; wars with Great Britain, 1354, 1355, 1395, 1398; WWI, 1751; family code, 2346; modernization, 2347, 2348; WWII, 2613; Russian invasion, 3768; and Middle East, 3832; and Russia, 3832, 3833, 3834, 3834, 3834, 4008; and U.S., 3834, 3834, 3834, 3835, 3836.
Afghans
332, 334, 806, 816, 816, 816, 817, 817, 819, 819, 819, 819, 819, 831, 831, 832, 834, 835.
Afghan Wars
2346.
Aflaq, Michel, Syrian leader
3838, 3843.
AFL-CIO
3400.
Afonso I Henriques, king of Portugal
480, 480, 480, 480, 480, 480.
Afonso II, king of Portugal
480.
Afonso III, king of Portugal
481.
Afonso IV, the Brave
528.
Afonso V, king of Portugal
525.
Afonso V, the African
529, 529.
Afonso VI, king of Portugal
727, 727, 727, 727, 727, 728.
Afranius, Lucius, Roman playwright
229.
Afrasiyab, governor of Basra
799.
Afrasiyab dynasty
799, 803.
Africa
2, 7, 13, 18, 18, 19, 19, 19, 19, 20, 22, 22, 22, 24, 24, 24, 24, 24, 29, 29, 29, 29, 29, 38, 38, 38, 42, 43, 43, 43, 43, 43, 44, 44, 45, 45, 51, 61, 66, 74, 74, 80, 81, 90, 97, 108, 110, 110, 220, 230, 232, 234, 241, 241, 245, 245, 255, 255, 257, 257, 260, 262, 266, 266, 266, 269, 276, 278, 279, 279, 280, 281, 281, 281, 281, 281, 282, 293, 296, 303, 322, 323, 333, 334, 343, 343, 344, 346, 347, 349, 349, 351, 351, 353, 358, 358, 359, 359, 359, 362, 362, 365, 366, 366, 376, 403, 403, 404, 404, 404, 408, 408, 419, 429, 429, 476, 476, 476, 476, 505, 526, 528, 529, 575, 578, 579, 579, 579, 582, 584, 584, 596, 601, 601, 666, 674, 703, 754, 758, 791, 791, 792, 795, 822, 822, 869, 869, 869, 869, 869, 869, 869, 869, 869, 869, 869, 869, 869, 870, 870, 871, 871, 873, 873, 873, 877, 877, 879, 882, 882, 883, 885, 885, 885, 886, 887, 887, 889, 890, 890, 890, 892, 895, 908, 912, 914, 914, 914, 918, 918, 918, 918, 919, 923, 932, 934, 953, 953, 953, 954, 955, 956, 956, 958, 958, 959, 961, 962, 969, 969, 1099, 1111, 1112, 1120, 1131, 1136, 1162, 1176, 1235, 1236, 1333, 1370, 1506, 1506, 1506, 1510, 1511, 1511, 1512, 1513, 1514, 1514, 1515, 1515, 1516, 1517, 1543, 1570, 1706, 1706, 1724, 1832, 1917, 2462, 2554, 2554, 2554, 2554, 2554, 2554, 2558, 2558, 2558, 2558, 2559, 2560, 2636, 2636, 2636, 2637, 2637, 2637, 2638, 2640, 2641, 2641, 2641, 2643, 2643, 2643, 2644, 2644, 2658, 2667, 2675, 2676, 2681, 2682, 2722, 2851, 2852, 2914, 2915, 2960, 3173, 3421, 3443, 3907, 4316, 4320, 4320, 4320, 4320, 4320, 4320, 4320, 4321, 4325, 4326, 4344, 4353, 4386, 4408, 4410, 4432, 4432, 4450, 4451, 4453, 4455; postclassical society, 343, 343, 343, 343, 343, 343, 343, 343, 343, 344, 344, 345, 345, 345, 348, 349, 351, 351, 351, 351, 351, 351, 351, 351, 355, 356, 362, 363, 364; historical methods, 343, 351, 351; and arrival of Europeans, 869; resistance movements, 1506, 1506; and Portugal, 1939; colonialism, 2554, 2554, 2554, 2554, 2554, 2554, 2558, 2559, 2559, 2559, 2559, 2559, 2559, 2565, 2565, 2567, 2567, 2572, 2572, 2578, 2578, 2578, 2580, 2580; WWI, 2554, 2554, 2554, 2554, 2554, 2555, 2565, 2572; economies, 2554; Great Depression, 2554, 2561, 2567, 2569, 2578; WWII, 2554, 2556, 2556, 2590, 2613, 2615, 2619; between Wars, 2555, 2636; economy 1900s–1940, 2558; post-WWII colonialism, 2700, 4320, 4320, 4320, 4320, 4320, 4320, 4320, 4320, 4321, 4321, 4321, 4321, 4324; and U.S., 3430, 4326; and China, 4153; commodities, 4320; language issue, 4320; postcolonial economy and society, 4320, 4320, 4320, 4320, 4320, 4320, 4320, 4320, 4320, 4320, 4325, 4325, 4325, 4325, 4325; environment, 4320; AIDS, 4320; and multiracialism, 4408. See East Africa; French West Africa; German East Africa; North Africa; Portuguese East Africa; Southern Africa; West Africa.
African Americans
1506, 1563, 1574, 1575, 1587, 1588, 1589, 1590, 1592, 1592, 1592, 1593, 1594, 1594, 1596, 1598, 1604, 1604, 1605, 1609, 1616, 1617, 1618, 1623, 1706, 1706, 2187, 2187, 2187, 2187, 2187, 2187, 2187, 2188, 2191, 2191, 2199, 2199, 2201, 2210, 2214, 2214, 2554, 2644, 3390, 3390, 3392, 3400, 3402, 3405, 3405, 3406, 3408, 3408, 3409, 3409, 3411, 3411, 3411, 3413, 3413, 3413, 3413, 3413, 3414, 3414, 3417, 3419, 3420, 3421, 3428, 3428, 3428, 3428, 3429, 3430, 3432, 3434, 3434, 3435, 3436. See civil rights; race.
African Association
878.
African Brazilians
3618.
African Canadians
1623, 3443, 3454.
African Company
754; Sweden, 761.
African Inland Mission
1545.
African National Congress, ANC
1559, 2578, 2578, 2686, 4320, 4462, 4466, 4466, 4470, 4471, 4473, 4473, 4477, 4477, 4477, 4480, 4480, 4481, 4481, 4481, 4482, 4482, 4483, 4486, 4486, 4487, 4488, 4489, 4490.
African National Union
2576.
Afrikaans
2578.
Afrikaner Bond
1555.
Afrikaner National Party
4470.
Afrikaners
890, 890, 1506, 1554, 1558, 1558, 1558, 1558, 1560, 1768, 2574, 2574, 2577, 2577, 2579, 2580, 2580, 4320, 4470.
Afro-Asian People's Solidarity Conference
2655.
Afro-Asian Solidarity Council
2661.
Afro-Caribbeans
2554.
Afro-Cuban folk culture
3465, 3714.
Afro-Portuguese culture and commerce
885, 888.
Afshar dynasty
817, 817, 818, 1349.
Afyun
2321.
Agade
84.
Agades, West Africa
2555.
Agadir
822, 822, 1378.
Agaja, ruler of Dahomey
876.
Aga Khan, Nizari leader
302.
Aga Khan I, Muslim leader
1397.
Aga Khan III, Ismailian leader
3961.
Aga Khan IV, prince Karim Khan
3961.
Agamemnon, king of Mycenae
172, 173.
Agapetus II, pope
416.
Agassiz, Louis, geologist
1043.
Agatharchus of Samos, Greek artist
186.
Agathias, historian
427.
Agathocles, tyrant of Syracuse
220, 220, 220, 220.
Age of Augustus
239.
Agesilaus, king of Sparta
199, 199, 200, 201.
Agga, king of Kish
84.
Agha Muhammad, shah of Iran
1349.
Agha Muhammad Khan, shah of Iran
817, 818, 818.
Aghlabid dynasty
293, 293, 293, 294, 295, 296.
Agiads, Spartan dynasty
178, 179, 187.
Agilulf, ruler of Turin
408.
Agincourt, battle of
514, 522.
Agis II, king of Sparta
197.
Agis III, king of Sparta
206.
Agis IV, king of Sparta
208, 210.
Aglipay, Gregorio, religious leader
1485, 1486.
Agnadello, battle of
607.
Agnes of Poitou, wife of emperor Henry III
454, 454.
Agnew, Spiro T., U.S. leader
3415, 3418, 3424.
Agnon, S. Y., writer
3768, 3858.
Agra
129, 830, 831, 832, 832, 833, 1397.
Agram
1779.
Agrarian Law, Russia
1264.
Agrarian Party, Austria
2006.
Agrarian Party, Bulgaria
2160, 2161, 2162, 2166, 3235, 3235.
Agrarian Party, Czechoslovakia
2017.
Agrarian Party, Hungary
2029, 2029, 2030, 2032.
Agrarian Reform Act
3510.
Agrarian Reform Bill, Latvia
2098.
Agricola, Cnaeus Julius, Roman general
251, 253, 421.
Agricola, Georgius, German minerologist
638, 643.
Agricultural Adjustment Act, U.S.
2187, 2202, 2202, 2202.
Agricultural Children's Act, England
1160.
Agricultural Crisis Act
1896.
Agricultural Marketing Act
2195.
Agricultural Revolution
579.
Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act, U.S.
3398.
agriculture
13, 34, 35, 63, 63, 64, 65, 65, 83, 91, 135, 138, 138, 140, 167, 228, 228, 235, 285, 296, 297, 299, 305, 343, 343, 349, 397, 1327, 1735, 2187, 2641, 2700; prehistoric, 35, 35, 35, 35, 35, 36, 36, 36, 36, 36, 37, 37, 37, 37, 38, 38, 38, 38, 38, 39, 39, 39, 39, 39, 39, 40, 40, 40, 40, 40, 40, 40, 40, 41, 49, 51, 52, 53, 53, 54, 56, 345, 345; Mesopotamia, 83; ancient Egypt, 90; Syria-Palestine, 101; Phoenicia, 108; Asia Minor, 112; ancient Armenia, 117; Arabia, 126; ancient Greece, 186; the Hellenistic Age, 208; ancient Rome, 223; Roman Republic, 229; Roman Empire, 239, 245, 246, 260; Sassanians, 271; Southeast Asia, 339, 1412; Africa, 343, 343, 343, 344, 345, 345, 345, 347, 347, 348, 362, 366, 869, 869, 871, 876, 885, 886, 886, 888, 889, 890, 890, 890, 890, 893, 1506, 1506, 1506, 1506, 1511, 1513, 1514, 1516, 1528, 1529, 1532, 1538, 1548, 1550, 1551, 1552, 1559, 2554, 2558, 2558; China, 367, 370, 371, 373, 375, 1417, 4147, 4150, 4150, 4152, 4165; Korea, 380; Vietnam, 397, 4274; Europe, 400, 3000; Germanic tribes, 402; Spain, 419, 1062, 1199; Byzantium, 431; Western Europe, 443; England, 444; 1500–1800, 579, 582; New World, 584; 17th century, 584; after the Thirty Years' War, 644, 644; England in the 17th and 18th century, 687; Great Britain, 688, 1048, 1048, 1155; Ireland, 700, 700, 1168, 1168, 1169, 1170; France in the 18th century, 714, 717; Portugal in the 17th and 18th centuries, 727, 729, 730; Italy in the 17th and 18th centuries, 735; Italy, 739, 1066, 1066, 1066, 1091; Lombardy in the 18th century, 742; Switzerland in the 17th and 18th centuries, 748, 748; Holy Roman Empire, 752; Sweden in the 17th century, 761; Sweden in the 18th century, 762; Denmark in the 17th and 18th centuries, 768; Norway in the 18th century, 772, 774; Poland in the 17th and 18th centuries, 776; Middle East 1500–1800, 791; Iran in the 16th and 17th centuries, 813, 816; India 1500–1800, 830; Southeast Asia 1500–1800, 845; China 1500–1800, 851, 852; Korea 1500–1800, 855; Americas, 911, 918; North America, 924, 925, 938; 1800–1914, 961, 987, 987, 987, 987, 987, 987, 988, 988, 1034, 1081; France, 1003, 1003, 1004, 1005, 1022, 1059, 1179, 1198; Portugal, 1065; Central Europe, 1071, 1071, 1074; Germany, 1071, 1231; Scandinavia, 1075, 1076, 1247, 1247; Denmark, 1077, 1251, 1251; Russia, 1256, 1259, 1261, 1264, 3269, 3278, 3279, 3300; Poland, 1268, 3100, 3113; Serbia, 1284; Bulgaria, 1299, 1305, 1305, 1306, 3238; Romania, 1311, 1315, 1318, 1318, 3248; Middle East and North Africa, 1327, 3782; Ottoman Empire, 1334; Palestine, 1346; Iran, 1351; Egypt, 1366, 1366, 1366, 1368, 1372, 1373, 3880, 3904; Algeria, 1382, 1382, 1383; Tunisia, 1390, 1391; Libya, 1393; India, 1397, 1397, 3961, 3963, 3963, 3966, 3968, 3978; Japan, 1456, 4241; Australia, 1488, 1489, 1493; New Zealand, 1502, 1503, 1504, 2551; 19th century, 1506; U.S., 1592, 1598, 1599, 1600, 2195, 2202, 2202, 2202, 2202, 2202, 2202, 3409, 3411; Latin America, 1658, 1662, 1667, 1667, 1672, 1677, 1683, 1683, 1685; Puerto Rico, 1694; Russian collectivization, 2072, 2073; Canada, 2229, 2230; sugar, 2530; Uganda, 2567; Czechoslovakia, 3120; Albania, 3202; Mexico, 3704; Iraq, 3878, 3880, 3880; Pakistan, 4000; Laos, 4101, 4101; Somalia, 4403. See land reform.
Agriculture Act, U.S.
3398, 3401.
Agrigentum
110, 230.
Agrippa, Marcus Vipsanius, Roman leader
239, 242, 243, 243.
Agrippina, wife of Germanicus
247, 247.
Agrippina the Younger, wife of Claudius
248, 248, 248.
Aguayo, marquis de, Spanish colonial administrator
904.
Aguinaldo, Emilio, Filipino leader
1481, 1481, 1481, 1482, 1482, 1483, 1484, 1484, 1610.
Aguirre, Jesús María, Mexican leader
2297.
Aguirre, José, Basque leader
1929.
Aguiya-Ironsi, Johnson, Nigerian leader
4367, 4367.
Agustín I, emperor of Mexico
1654, 1655, 1655, 1655, 1687.
Agyrokastron
2590.
Aha, king of Egypt
91.
Ahab of Israel
104, 105, 106, 109.
Ahalya Bai, ruler of Indore
835.
Ahaz, king of Judah
87, 105.
Ahaziah, king of Judah
104, 105.
Ahenobarbus, Lucius Domitius
See Nero, Roman emperor.
Ahern, Bertie, Irish leader
2814, 2815.
Ahhiyawa people
113, 172.
Ahi Ahmed Chelebi
793.
Ahidjo, Ahmadou, Cameroon leader
4332, 4332.
Ahmad, shah of Iran
1352, 1353.
Ahmad, sheik of Kuwait
2409, 3896.
Ahmad, sheik of Qatar
3898.
Ahmad I Bey, ruler of Tunisia
1387, 1387, 1387, 1387, 1387, 1387, 1387, 1390.
Ahmad, Ait, Algerian leader
3925.
Ahmadabad
334, 334.
Ahmad al-A‘raj, heir-designate in Morocco
822, 822.
Ahmad al-Baladhuri, historian
296.
Ahmad al-Hiba, Mauritanian leader
1379.
Ahmad al-Mansur, ruler of Morocco
823, 823, 823, 823.
Ahmad al-Maqrizi, writer
320.
Ahmad al-Mutawakkil, imam of Yemen
1358.
Najjar, Ahmad al-, economist
3910.
Ahmad al-Nasiri, scholar
1377.
Ahmad al-Rifa’i, Sufi leader
303.
Ahmad al-Tijani, Sufi leader
829, 1375, 1381, 1387.
Ahmad al-Wansharisi, North African jurist
822.
Ahmad al-Zayyani, Berber leader
1376.
Ahmad Bamba, African leader
1511.
Ahmad ben Umar
See Sheku Ahmadu, African leader.
Ahmad Bey, Turkish governor of Constantine
1382.
Ahmad Fu'ad, ruler of Egypt
2351, 2366, 3904.
Bakr, Ahmad Hasan al-, Iraqi leader
3882, 3884.
Ahmad Husayn, Egyptian leader
2364.
Ghashmi, Ahmad Husayn al-, Yemenite leader
3894.
Ahmad ibn Abi Diyaf, historian
1390.
Ahmad ibn Ali, ruler of Qatar
3896, 3898.
Ahmad ibn Buya, Mu’izz al-Dawla
298, 298.
Ahmad ibn Hanbal, religious scholar
295.
Ahmad ibn Ibrahim al-Ghazi, Ethiopian leader
879.
Ahmad ibn Khalifa, ruler of Bahrain
820.
Ahmad ibn Musa, Moroccan official
1377.
Ahmad ibn Sa‘id, ruler of Oman
820.
Ahmad ibn Taymiyya, scholar
320.
Ahmad ibn Tulun, Tulunid leader
296, 296.
Ahmad ibn Zayn al-Din al-Ahsa'i, founder of Shaykhi school
1349.
Ahmadiyas
1398.
Ahmad Kasravi, writer
3813.
Ahmad Lutfi al-Sayyid, Egyptian leader
2354, 2357.
Ahmad Maher, Egyptian leader
2354, 2367, 2369.
Ahmad Ma‘n, ruler of Mount Lebanon
805.
Ahmadnagar
334, 831, 832, 833.
Ahmad of Malindi, sheik of Mombassa
882.
Ahmad Pasha, Ottoman governor of Baghdad
805.
Ahmad Pasha al-Jazzar, governor of Sidon
809, 810.
Ahmad Qaramanli, ruler of Tripoli
828.
Ahmad Shah, ruler of India
334, 334, 819, 2338.
Ahmad Shah Abdali, Durani Afghan chief
835, 835.
Ahmad Shah Durrani, ruler of Afghanistan
819.
Ahmad Shawqi, poet
2363.
Ahmad Shuqayri, Palestininian leader
3771.
Ahmad Simnani, Sufi leader
306.
Ahmadu Lobbo
See Sheku Ahmadu, African leader.
Ahmad Urabi, Egyptian soldier
1372, 1372, 1372.
Ahmadzai, Najib, Najibullah
3834, 3834.
Ahmad Zaki Abu Shadi, poet
2426.
Ahman ibn Sa‘id
820.
Ahmed I, Ottoman sultan
799, 800, 800, 800, 802.
Ahmed II, Ottoman sultan
804, 804.
Ahmed III, Ottoman sultan
805.
Ahmed, Khandakar Mushtaq, Bangladeshi leader
4019, 4019.
Ahmed, Shahabuddin, Bangladeshi leader
4024.
Ahmedabad
3972.
Ahmed Jevdet, Ottoman official
1346.
Ahmed Kemalpashazade, Ottoman historian
793.
Ahmed Nedim, Ottoman poet
807.
Ahmed Niyazi Bey, Turkish officer
1347.
Ahmed Pasha, governor of Egypt
793.
Ahmed Resim Pasha, governor of Libya
1392.
Ahmed Riza, Turkish leader
1346, 1346.
Ahmed Tashkopruluzade, Ottoman scholar
796.
Ahmet Bey Zogu
See Zog I, king of Albania.
Ahmose
See Amosis, king of Egypt.
Ahmose-si-neit
See Amasis, king of Egypt.
Aho, Esko, Finnish leader
3080, 3083.
Ahriman
121.
Ahtisaari, Martti, Finnish leader
3082, 3083.
Aibak, ruler of India
331, 331, 331, 332.
Aidan, Irish monk
421, 425.
Aidid, Mohammed Farah, Somalian leader
4400.
AIDS
See disease.
Aigues Mortes
452, 452.
Aigun, treaty of
955, 1259, 1417.
Aihole
326.
Ain el-Roumaneh, Lebanon
3846.
Ainu
164, 385.
Airbus, European plane
2703, 2704, 2832.
Airbus Industrie
2704.
aircraft
990, 990; helicopter, 1736. See airplanes.
Air Force Academy, U.S.
3400.
Air France
2839.
Airikyan, Paruir, Armenian nationalist
3306.
airplanes
1764, 1765, 1784, 1852, 2317; first flight over North Pole, 997; first flights over Antarctica, 998; jet-powered transatlantic airline, 1736; WWI, 1764, 1764, 1764, 1764, 1764, 1764, 1765, 1765, 1765, 1766, 1766, 1766, 1766, 1767, 1767, 1767; WWII, 1854, 2523, 2587, 2587, 2587, 2589, 2590, 2596, 2609, 2617, 2619, 2621, 2627, 2630, 2631, 2631; transcontinental air mail service, 2191; first nonstop New York to Paris flight, 2195; circumnavigation, 2199; Iran, 2339; Egypt, 2362; war in China, 2479; Australia, 2539, 2544; weekly airmail service, 2548; mail, 2556; Africa, 2561; World War II, 2630; European, 2703; supersonic, 2704, 2704; Airbus, 2704; transatlantic flights, 2759; first jetliner, 2762; U.S.-Russia direct service, 3414. See aircraft; transportation.
A’isha, wife of Muhammad
287, 288.
Aisin Gioro, Golden Tribe
852.
Aisne, battles of the
1755, 1781, 1789, 1801, 1812.
Aisne River
404.
Aistulf, Lombard king
408, 408, 410.
Aitape, New Guinea
2630.
Aix en Provence
235.
Aix-la-Chapelle
649, 662, 662, 712, 758, 834, 939; congress, 1045; congress on piracy, 1381, 1385.
Aix-les-Bains
3919.
Ajanta caves
129, 326.
Ajatasatru, king of Magadha
129.
Ajayapala, ruler of India
331.
Ajlun
800.
Ajmer
331.
Ajnadayn
287.
Akalamdug, Sumerian king
84.
Akali Dal Party, India
3978, 3978, 3979.
Akalis, Sikhs
2435.
Akan
345, 873, 873.
Åkarp law, Sweden
1249.
Akayev, Aksar, Kirghiz leader
3339, 3340, 3340, 3342, 3343, 3343, 3344.
Akbar, Indian prince
575, 580, 814, 831, 831, 831, 832, 832, 832, 832, 833, 834.
Akhbari Shi’ism
815, 817.
Akhetaten (later Tell al-Amarna)
93.
Akhenaten, king of Egypt
90. See Amenophis IV (Akhenaten), king of Egypt.
Akhlamu
103, 106.
Akhromeyev, Sergei, Russian commander
3296.
Akhuni of Bit Adini
106.
Akiba, Jewish leader
253.
Akihito, emperor of Japan
4170, 4242, 4243, 4243.
Akitoye, king of Lagos
1516.
Akkad
66, 83, 83, 84, 84, 84, 84, 84, 85, 88, 93, 102, 112, 122, 122, 124.
Akkerman
315.
Akko
103.
 
 
The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth edition. Peter N. Stearns, general editor. Copyright © 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Maps by Mary Reilly, copyright 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.


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