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  The Encyclopedia of World History.  2001.
 
Subject Index
 
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Allersheim, battle of
623.
Alley, Alphonse, Dahomean leader
4329.
Allgemeines Landrecht, Prussia
755.
Alliance des forces démocratiques pour la libération du Congo-Zaire, AFDL
4450, 4452, 4452.
Alliance for Freedom, Italy
2948.
Alliance for Germany, East Germany
3021.
Alliance for Progress
3469, 3469, 3662.
Alliance Israélite Universelle
1336; in Morocco, 1376.
Alliance of Bern
626.
Alliance of Cognac
614.
Alliance of Free Democrats, Hungary
3156.
Alliance Party
4104; Malaya, 4105.
Allia River
226.
Allied Army of Central America
1683.
Allied Control Commission, WWII
1961.
Allied Control Committee
2622.
Allied Control Council
2982, 2983, 2985.
Allied Council for Austria
3028, 3029, 3031.
Allied High Commission
2991.
Allied Military Government, A.M.G.
1961.
Allied Occupation Statute
2708.
Allied Supreme Council
2043.
Allies
1472, 1699, 1699, 1700, 1702, 1708, 1710, 1711, 1712, 1713, 1738, 1741, 1742, 1742, 1743, 1743, 1743, 1743, 1743, 1743, 1744, 1754, 1755, 1758, 1758, 1759, 1759, 1759, 1763, 1767, 1769, 1769, 1769, 1769, 1769, 1773, 1778, 1778, 1779, 1780, 1780, 1781, 1781, 1781, 1782, 1784, 1784, 1787, 1788, 1788, 1788, 1788, 1790, 1795, 1806, 1806, 1818, 1818, 1823, 1826, 1894, 1895, 1934, 1941, 1973, 1973, 1974, 1974, 1976, 1976, 1978, 1983, 1994, 2000, 2023, 2023, 2036, 2064, 2064, 2067, 2067, 2067, 2068, 2084, 2086, 2089, 2097, 2097, 2099, 2114, 2144, 2242, 2270, 2320, 2320, 2320, 2322, 2325, 2434, 2462, 2530; WWII, 1900, 1918, 1919, 1933, 1940, 1960, 2012, 2159, 2173, 2238, 2339, 2344, 2493, 2529, 2532, 2532, 2533, 2533, 2557, 2563, 2563, 2570, 2597, 2597, 2608, 2608, 2609, 2609, 2614, 2615, 2617, 2617, 2617, 2618, 2618, 2618, 2619, 2619, 2619, 2619, 2619, 2620, 2621, 2621, 2627, 2627, 2627, 2627, 2629, 2629, 2631, 2631, 2632, 2636, 2637, 2638, 2638, 2640, 2640, 2707, 2708, 2708, 2709, 2710, 2714, 2727, 2731, 2838, 2887, 2925, 2982, 2984, 2986, 2986, 2987, 2992, 2996, 2997, 3010, 3015, 3029, 3030, 3030, 3265, 3273, 3274, 3838, 4189, 4223, 4224, 4320; WWII merchant tonnage, 2608; WWII losses, 2617; WWII end, 2622; Vietnam, 4269.
All-India Congress
2443, 2443, 2444, 2444, 2444, 2445, 2447, 2447, 3951, 3951, 3953.
All-India Congress Committee
3977.
All-India Congress Socialist Party
2442.
All-India Federation
2443.
All-India Muslim League
2432, 2432.
Allmohades, Berber dynasty
322, 322, 322, 322.
Allouez, Claude-Jean, missionary in North America
921.
All-People's Congress Party, Sierra Leone
4382.
All-Russian Congress of Soviets
2065, 2067.
All-Union Communist Party
2069.
All-Union Congress of the Communist Party
2072.
Alma Ata
3304, 3334.
Almadén
911.
Almagro, Diego de, Spanish explorer
898, 898, 898, 898, 898, 898, 899.
Almagro the Younger, Diego de, governor of Peru
898.
al-Mahdi, Abbasid caliph
See Muhammad al-Sheik, ruler of Morocco.
al-Ma'mun, Abbasid caliph
294, 294, 294, 294, 294, 295.
Almamy Samori, African leader
1511, 1511, 1511.
al-Mansur, Abbasid caliph
292, 292.
al-Mansur Kalavun, Mamluk leader
319.
Almanza, battle of
728.
al-Marj
1392.
Al-Marsa Convention
1390.
Almazan, treaty of
525.
Almeida, Antonio José de, Portuguese leader
1934.
Almeida, Francisco de, governor of the Indies
281, 605, 830.
Almirall, V., Catalonia leader
1204.
Almohades, Berber dynasty
475, 475, 475, 476, 476, 476.
Almoravids, Berber dynasty
321, 321, 322, 322, 344, 344, 344, 351, 352, 475, 475, 475, 476, 476, 476.
Al Muhtadee, Bruneian leader
4118.
al-Mukhtar, Umayyad challenger
289.
al-Muqanna, Abbasid challenger
293.
al-Muqtadir, Abbasid caliph
297.
al-Mustansir, Hafsid leader
319, 322.
al-Musta'sim, Abbasid caliph
304.
al-Mu’tadid, Abbasid caliph
296.
al-Mu’tasim, Abbasid caliph
294, 295.
al-Mutawakkil, Abbasid caliph
294, 295.
al-Muwaffaq, Abbasid regent
296.
al-Nahda, Muslim movement
3946.
al-Nasir, Abbasid caliph
303.
al-Nasir Muhammad, Mamluk leader
319.
Alonso, José Varela, labor leader
3489.
Alonso, Severo Fernández, Latin American leader
1669.
Alp Arslan, Seljuk leader
301, 301, 301, 500.
alphabet
101, 176; Glagolitic, 483; Syriac, 800; Hebrew, 816; Korean, 856; Arabic, 1534.
Alphonse, count of Poitou
451, 452.
Alps
18, 31, 222, 231, 246, 403, 406, 407, 411, 411, 421, 425, 465, 537, 538, 612, 743, 1009, 1011, 1229.
Alptigin, Samanid leader
300.
al-Qabisi, theologian
321.
al-Qadir, Abbasid caliph
300.
al-Qudsi, Nazim, Syrian leader
3839, 3839.
al-Radi, Abbaid caliph
297.
al-Rafah
1347.
al-Rajma Agreement, Libya
2430.
al-Raydaniyya, battle of
792.
Alsace
524, 540, 546, 546, 622, 624, 656, 713, 1059, 1188, 1234, 1769.
Alsace-Lorraine
1769, 1771, 1780, 1784, 1901.
al-Salih Ayyub, Ayybid leader
319.
al-Samlali, leader of the Jazuli order
823.
al-Sayyid Idris, emir in Libya
2430, 2430, 2431.
al-Sayyid Umar al-Mukhtar, leader of Libyan resistance
2431.
Alta California
904, 904.
Altaic peoples
428, 430, 488.
Altamaha River
938.
Altamira
3623.
Altamirano, Luis, Chilean leader
2245.
Altan Khan, prince of the Ordos
851.
Altar of Victory
268.
alternating current
982.
Althing, Iceland
774, 1077, 1078, 2060, 2060, 2060.
Altieri, Emilio, cardinal
See Clement X, pope.
Altmark
411; treaty of, 633.
Alto Adige, formerly Austrian South Tyrol
2937, 2939, 3029, 3032, 3033, 3034, 3036.
Alto Douro
729.
Altranstädt, treaty of
780.
Altzelle, Saxony
443.
A-luo-ben, Nestorian visitor to China
368.
Alusian, son of John Vladislav
496.
Alva, duke of, Fernando Alvarez de Toledo, Spanish commander
595, 602, 605, 609.
Alvarado, Pedro de, Spanish conquistador
898, 901, 902, 902, 902, 902.
Alvarado, Salvador, Mexican commander
2293.
Alvares, Francesco, Portuguese traveler in Africa
879.
Alvarez, Gustavo, Honduran leader
3696.
Alvarez, Jorge, explorer
281.
Álvarez, Juan, Mexican leader
1691, 1691.
Alvarez, Luis Alberto Monge, Costa Rican leader
3689.
Alvear, Carlos Maria de, Latin American leader
1644.
Alvear, Marcelo, Argentine leader
2242, 2243, 2243.
Alvensleben Convention
1268.
Alverstone, viscount, Richard E. Webster, British envoy
1613.
Alves, Rodrigues, Brazilian leader
2270, 2270.
al-Walid, Umayyad caliph
290.
Alyattes, king of Lydia
114, 177.
al-Yazid, sultan of Morocco
825.
al-Zahir Baybars, Mamluk leader
319, 360, 360.
al-Zubayr, companion to Muhammad
288, 289.
Amadas, Philip, English explorer
924.
Amadeo I, king of Spain
1202, 1202, 1202.
Amadeus, duke of Savoy
567.
Amadeus of Savoy
See Felix V, pope.
Amadiyya people
1331.
Amakusa
860.
Amal, Lebanon
3846, 3851, 3853.
Amalaric, Visigoth king
406.
Amalfi
466, 467, 471, 472, 507.
Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers
1605.
Amalgamated Society of Engineers, ASE
1155, 1155.
Amal Wah, Muslim state
344.
Amanullah, ruler of Afghanistan
2346, 2346, 2346, 2347, 2347, 2348, 2348, 2348, 2433.
Amapala, pact of, Honduras
2288.
Amaravati
132, 133, 133.
Amarna Letters
93, 103.
Amaro, José, Portuguese explorer
1507.
Amasis, king of Egypt
95.
Amasya
312, 795, 795, 1328.
Amatera-su
167.
Amati, Niccolò, Italian violinmaker
735.
Amato, Giuliano, Italian leader
2952, 2952.
Amaziah, king of Judah
105, 105.
Amazon River
34, 61, 570, 573, 898, 915, 916, 916, 1670, 1677, 1677, 2264, 3552, 3553, 3569, 3571, 3571, 3572, 3617, 3622, 3622, 3624, 3627.
Amba Alagi, battle of
1222.
Ambedkar, Bhimrao Ramji, Indian leader
2441, 3956.
Amberg
1009.
Ambhi, king of Taxila
207.
Amboina
840, 841, 2627.
Ambracia
205.
Ambrona
22.
Ambrose, bishop of Milan
268, 401.
Amda-Siyon, Ethiopian ruler
360.
Amedo Development Corporation, Brunei
4118.
Ameixal, battle of
727.
Amenemhet I, king of Egypt
92, 92.
Amenemhet III, king of Egypt
92.
Amenophis I, Amenhotep
90, 93, 93, 93, 103.
Amenophis III, king of Egypt
86, 93, 98.
Amenophis IV, Akhenaten
86, 93.
America
605, 674, 909; as name of the Western Hemisphere, 573; commemoration of discovery, 2907.
American Anti-Slavery Society
1575.
American Association for the Advancement of Science
1039.
American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions
1476, 1514.
American Civil Liberties Union, ACLU
2190.
American Colonization Society, ACS
1514, 1573.
American Common Market
2696.
American Equal Rights Association
1592.
American Federation of Labor, AFL
1598, 1602, 1605, 1639, 2187, 2189, 2295, 3400.
American Friends Service Committee
1701.
American Indian Defense Association
2201.
American Indian Movement, AIM
2670, 3415, 3418, 3424.
American League of Baseball Clubs
1610.
American Peace Society
1574.
American Popular Revolutionary Alliance, APRA
2259, 2260, 2260, 2260, 2261, 2262, 2263, 3552.
American Protective Association
1602.
American Railway Union
1605, 1611.
American Red Cross Society
1600.
American Revolution
579, 717, 725, 789, 907, 941, 946, 957, 1622, 1622, 1623, 1643.
Americans for Democratic Action, ADA
3391.
Americans with Disabilities Act
3439.
American Telephone and Telegraph Company, AT&T
3407, 3427, 3458.
American Tobacco Company
1618.
American Trading Company of Borneo
1413, 1413.
American University
3408.
American University of Beirut
1337.
American Watch Tower movement
4432.
Americas
14, 18, 28, 28, 28, 33, 34, 35, 40, 53, 281, 570, 570, 579, 579, 579, 582, 584, 584, 584, 584, 601, 602, 602, 603, 604, 604, 609, 609, 613, 615, 644, 851, 864, 869, 869, 869, 869, 869, 869, 892, 892, 894, 894, 906, 908, 908, 908, 909, 911, 912, 919, 919, 923, 953, 1034, 1335, 1346, 1506, 1506, 1506, 1516, 1574, 1603, 1614, 2206, 3443; European invasions, 570; and Africa, 888; diplomacy, 2238, 3466.
Amerindians
869, 920.
Ames, Hubert Brown, sociologist
1638.
Amhara, Ethiopia
4397.
Amherst, Jeffrey, British commander
940.
Amherst, earl of, William Pitt, governor-general of India
1394, 1415.
Amida
273, 274, 275.
Amidism
387, 396.
Amiens
404, 449; cathedral, 452; treaties, 726, 810, 907, 1018, 1410, 1549; battle of, 1812.
Amin, Hafizullah, Afghan leader
3833, 3833.
Amin, Idi, Ugandan leader
4426, 4429, 4429, 4429, 4429, 4429.
Amir, Abd al-Hakim, Egyptian leader
3905.
Amir, Yigal, assassin
3864.
Amir Habibullah, emir of Afghanistan
2346.
Amir Haydar Shihab, commander
806.
Amirids of Valencia
475.
Amir Khusrav, poet
332.
Amir Masum al-Bhakkari, Mughal envoy
814.
Amirthalingam, Appapillai, Sri Lankan leader
4033, 4036.
Amis du Manifeste de la Liberté, AML
2424, 2425.
Amitabha
See Amituofuo.
Amituofuo
158.
Amjazade Huseyin Pasha, grand vezir
804, 805.
Amman
2396, 2397, 2398; summit, 3780; University of, 3873.
Ammannoteyeriké
99.
Ammianus Marcellinus, Roman soldier and historian
260.
Ammiditana, king of Babylon
85.
Ammisaduqa, king of Babylon
85.
Ammon
206.
Ammonites
104.
amnesty
1591.
Amnesty International
2641, 3184, 3239.
Amoafo, battle of
1516.
Amoghavarsha I, ruler of India
327.
Amon, king of Judah
105, 105.
Amorion
295, 434.
Amorites
84, 84, 85, 85, 85, 85, 92, 102, 102, 103, 103, 104, 113, 122.
Amos, biblical figure
105.
Amosis, king of Egypt
93.
Amoy
852, 1416, 1451, 4150. See Xiamen.
Ampère, André-Marie, scientist
1039.
Amphictyonic Council
203, 203, 204, 205, 205, 205.
Amphictyonic League
204.
Amphictyony of Anthela, Greek religious league
182, 182.
Amphilochia
168.
Amphipolis
194, 196, 203, 203.
Amphissa
205, 205, 205.
Ampíes, Juan de, Spanish explorer
897.
Ampúes
See Juan de ~Ampíes, Spanish explorer.
Amr, Saffarid leader
295.
Amr al-Jahiz, writer
295.
Amr ibn al-As, Muslim commander
287.
Amritsar
2433; treaty of, 1394; massacre, 2433.
Amsterdam
596, 650, 703, 926, 1057, 1059, 1174, 1701, 2648; Treaty of, 3052.
Amsuvarman, king of Nepal
324.
Amundsen, Roald, Norwegian explorer
997, 997, 997.
Amundsen-Scott Station, South Pole
998.
Amur River
160, 784, 852, 955, 1259, 1259, 1417, 1424.
Amurru
See Amorites.
Amursana, Dzungar prince
853.
Amuzgar, Jamshid, Iranian leader
3819.
Amyntas I, king of Macedonia
183, 200.
Amyrtaeus, king of Egypt
95.
Anabaptists
614, 615, 621.
Anacletus II, antipope
456, 468, 471.
Anaconda Company
3510, 3512.
Anacreon, Greek poet
176.
Anagni
453, 470, 531.
Anahillapura, Anandapura
325, 325.
Ananda Mahidol, king of Siam
2452, 4064.
Anand Panyarachun, Thai leader
4071, 4072.
Anantavarman Codaganga, ruler of India
337.
anarchism
1143; France, 1061, 1193; 1800–1914, 1143, 1145; Belgium, 1172; Spain, 1202, 1920; Italy, 1221, 1222; Russia, 1260; the U.S., 1602; Latin America, 1661.
Anarcho-Syndicalists, Spain
1927, 1927, 1929, 1929, 1930.
Anasazi
40, 280.
Anastasius I, Byzantine emperor
270, 270, 407.
Anatolia
42, 46, 67, 84, 85, 86, 87, 101, 102, 111, 112, 113, 113, 113, 124, 233, 239, 245, 262, 275, 275, 281, 281, 293, 299, 299, 299, 300, 300, 301, 301, 301, 302, 303, 303, 303, 305, 305, 305, 305, 305, 306, 306, 306, 306, 306, 306, 307, 307, 307, 307, 307, 308, 308, 308, 309, 309, 309, 309, 309, 309, 310, 310, 310, 311, 312, 312, 312, 312, 312, 312, 312, 313, 313, 313, 314, 314, 314, 315, 315, 315, 315, 316, 318, 319, 323, 428, 430, 430, 431, 431, 431, 431, 431, 432, 434, 438, 438, 498, 500, 500, 501, 501, 501, 501, 502, 503, 508, 508, 508, 508, 508, 509, 510, 564, 791, 792, 792, 793, 799, 799, 800, 800, 800, 803, 807, 812, 812, 812, 966, 1120, 1328, 1329, 1331, 1333, 1337, 1337, 1343, 1343, 1344, 1345, 1346, 1346, 1346, 1347, 1347, 1367, 1385, 1708, 1817, 1817, 2144, 2144, 2319, 2320, 2321, 2321, 2321, 2321, 2322, 2322, 2322, 2323, 2325, 3782, 3787, 3795; makeup, 301; and Ottoman Empire, 1328; WWI, 1749, 1752, 1788, 1788.
anatomy
637, 639, 1041, 1041.
Anawrata, ruler of Burma
341, 341, 341.
Anaxagoras, Greek philosopher
186.
Anaxandridas, king of Sparta
179.
Anaximander, Greek philosopher
176, 177.
Anaximenes, Greek philosopher
176, 177.
An Ch'ang-ho, Korean leader
2488, 2489.
Anchialus, battles of
432, 436, 439, 439, 441.
An Chung-gn, assassin
2488.
An Chung-gn, Korean leader
1436.
Ancient Learning, school of Japanese thought
859.
Ancón, treaty of
1663, 1670.
Ancona
222, 408, 408, 469, 502, 502, 532, 1068, 1225, 2618.
Ancus Marcius, legendary king of Rome
224.
Ancyra
213, 501, 510.
Andagoya, Pascual de, Spanish explorer
898.
Andalusia
321, 322, 476, 718, 908, 1028, 1202, 2899.
Andanson, Michel, explorer in Africa
876.
Andean civilization
276.
Andernach
1009.
Andersen, Hans Christian, writer
1077.
Anderson, J. W., engineer
1734.
Anderson, Sherwood, writer
2191.
Andes Mountains
7, 34, 40, 40, 40, 41, 56, 56, 56, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 63, 63, 65, 65, 280, 570, 570, 897, 898, 1648, 1650, 1670, 1675, 2600.
Andhrabhrityas
133.
Andhra dynasty
132, 133.
Andhra Teluga
132.
Andong
2473.
Andorra
2636.
Andrada e Silva, José Bonifácio de, Brazilian leader
1656, 1656.
Andrade, Ignacio, Latin American leader
1675.
Andrade, José M., Guatemalan leader
2278.
Andrade, Oswald de, writer
2241.
Andrássy, Julius
1104, 1105, 1106, 1106, 1107, 1108, 1108, 1778.
André, John, British spy
951.
Andreotti, Giulio, Italian leader
2942, 2944, 2946.
 
 
The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth edition. Peter N. Stearns, general editor. Copyright © 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Maps by Mary Reilly, copyright 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

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