III. The Postclassical Period, 500–1500 > D. Africa, 500–1500 > 2. Regions, 500–1000 > f. Southern Africa
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  The Encyclopedia of World History.  2001.
 
 
f. Southern Africa
500
 
By this time, several Iron Age farming populations had long been present in southern Africa.  1
 
600–700
 
The Leopard's Kopje culture (proto-Shona) were farmers who also kept cattle and lived in semipermanent villages in southwestern present-day Zimbabwe and northern Transvaal. Also by this century, there is evidence of the southern African Bantu cattle culture, in which men, ancestors, and cattle played pivotal roles. Archaeological evidence shows the presence of central cattle byres containing storage pots and burial remains.  2
 
700–1000
 
Zhizo people on the eastern fringe of the Kalahari desert practiced Bantu cattle culture.  3
 
1000
 
Bantu speakers evolved the Zimbabwe culture at Great Zimbabwe and other centers. Autochthonous inhabitants were pushed into less hospitable areas. (See Southern Africa)  4
 
 
 
The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth edition. Peter N. Stearns, general editor. Copyright © 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Maps by Mary Reilly, copyright 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

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