VI. The World Wars and the Interwar Period, 1914–1945 > B. World War I, 1914–1918 > 12. The War in the Air, 1914–1918 > 1917
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  The Encyclopedia of World History.  2001.
 
 
1917
 
The British began to use the Scouting Experimental and Bristol Fighter. This period was marked by the spectacular achievements of Manfred von Richthofen (d. April 21, 1918) and by the development of ever larger formations and more intricate tactics.  1
 
1918
 
The Allied superiority became more marked, and American air squadrons began to take part (April). The British did much in the development of large-scale bombardment, especially of munitions centers. At sea much use was made of the airplane for scouting and submarine-chasing.  2
During these years the Germans continued their raids on England, first with Zeppelins, then with airplanes, with the object of drawing back British air forces from France, of interrupting industry, and of demoralizing the civil population.  3
 
 
 
The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth edition. Peter N. Stearns, general editor. Copyright © 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Maps by Mary Reilly, copyright 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

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