VII. The Contemporary Period, 1945–2000 > B. Europe, 1945–2000 > 7. Eastern Europe, 1945–2000 > b. Czech Republic and Slovakia (Czechoslovakia)
  The Encyclopedia of World History.  2001.
(See 1945, May 9)
b. Czech Republic and Slovakia (Czechoslovakia)
1945, April 5
Klement Gottwald, vice prime minister of Czechoslovakia and a leader of the Czechoslovak Communist Party, declared that the new Czechoslovak state would be based on the equality of Czechs and Slovaks.  1
May 10
The new government moved to Prague. In a sweeping political purge, many collaborators were tried and executed. Former president Emil Hácha died in prison; Konrad Henlein committed suicide.  2
June 6
Edvard Bene, president of Czechoslovakia, declared that the German and Hungarian minorities had to be expelled from his country.  3
June 29
Czechoslovakia ceded Ruthenia to the Soviet Union.  4
Aug. 3
All Germans and Hungarians in Czechoslovakia were deprived of their citizenship and subesquently expelled from the country.  5
Oct. 14
A provisional National Assembly was elected by indirect suffrage.  6
Oct. 18
The government embarked on a far-reaching program of industrial nationalization and agricultural reform.  7
The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth edition. Peter N. Stearns, general editor. Copyright © 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Maps by Mary Reilly, copyright 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.