VII. The Contemporary Period, 1945–2000 > B. Europe, 1945–2000 > 7. Eastern Europe, 1945–2000 > b. Czech Republic and Slovakia (Czechoslovakia)
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  The Encyclopedia of World History.  2001.
 
(See 1945, May 9)
 
b. Czech Republic and Slovakia (Czechoslovakia)
 
 
1945, April 5
 
Klement Gottwald, vice prime minister of Czechoslovakia and a leader of the Czechoslovak Communist Party, declared that the new Czechoslovak state would be based on the equality of Czechs and Slovaks.  1
 
May 10
 
The new government moved to Prague. In a sweeping political purge, many collaborators were tried and executed. Former president Emil Hácha died in prison; Konrad Henlein committed suicide.  2
 
June 6
 
Edvard Bene, president of Czechoslovakia, declared that the German and Hungarian minorities had to be expelled from his country.  3
 
June 29
 
Czechoslovakia ceded Ruthenia to the Soviet Union.  4
 
Aug. 3
 
All Germans and Hungarians in Czechoslovakia were deprived of their citizenship and subesquently expelled from the country.  5
 
Oct. 14
 
A provisional National Assembly was elected by indirect suffrage.  6
 
Oct. 18
 
The government embarked on a far-reaching program of industrial nationalization and agricultural reform.  7
 
 
 
The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth edition. Peter N. Stearns, general editor. Copyright © 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Maps by Mary Reilly, copyright 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

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