II. Ancient and Classical Periods, 3500 B.C.E.–500 C.E. > B. Kingdoms of Western Asia and Africa, to 323 B.C.E.
  PREVIOUS NEXT  
CONTENTS · SUBJECT INDEX · BIBLIOGRAPHIC RECORD
  The Encyclopedia of World History.  2001.
 
 
B. Kingdoms of Western Asia and Africa, to 323 B.C.E.
1. Periodization
 
The early civilizations of western Asia and northeast Africa took shape in the 4th millennium B.C.E. Two major centers arose in Mesopotamia and Egypt, each with quite different characteristics but recurrent contacts in war, trade, and culture. Mesopotamian history was marked by recurrent invasions plus the formation of new empires and smaller kingdoms; societies in contact with this civilization center fanned out in North Africa (Carthage) and Asia Minor. The long period in the histories of both western Asia and Egypt extends from the formation of civilizations to the conquests first of the Persians, then of Alexander the Great.  1
 
 
 
The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth edition. Peter N. Stearns, general editor. Copyright © 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Maps by Mary Reilly, copyright 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

CONTENTS · SUBJECT INDEX · BIBLIOGRAPHIC RECORD
  PREVIOUS NEXT