VII. The Contemporary Period, 1945–2000 > I. Africa, 1941–2000 > 2. Regions > d. West Central Africa
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  The Encyclopedia of World History.  2001.
 
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d. West Central Africa
 
 
1945–57
 
Rapid economic growth in Congo was especially stimulated by the mining of copper and other minerals.  1
 
1948
 
Colonato, a form of state encouragement for “progressive” African farmers, was introduced in Angola.  2
 
1949
 
The University of Louvanium was established by decree. The first students were admitted to only a preuniversity course in 1954.  3
 
1949–50
 
Beginning of the Movement of Young Intellectuals in Angola, founded by Viriato da Cruz. This group proclaimed the importance of Angolan culture.  4
 
1949–57
 
Belgium began to plan for gradual decolonization of Congo through ten-year plans for economic development, aided by the commodity boom. The first plan was introduced in 1949. The pace of reform, however, remained very slow, and was overtaken by emerging nationalist movements.  5
 
1950
 
The Nationalist Alliance de Bakongo (ABAKO) was founded.  6
Sixty percent of the doctors in the Cameroon were Africans. The Portuguese program of assimilating “Westernized” Africans into Portuguese citizenship proved a failure. Out of a population of 3 million, only 30,000 fit the Portuguese category of assimilado, which entitled them to escape the harsh labor and legal regime for Africans.  7
 
1951, Dec
 
Municipal elections were held in the Belgian Congo; Joseph Kasavubu's ABAKO won in Kinshasa.  8
 
1953
 
The Kitawala Movement, originally based on an Africanized version of the apocalyptic doctrine of the American Watch Tower movement, spread in the lower Congo.  9
 
1954
 
A university was established at Elisabethville.  10
 
1954–55
 
A wave of strikes broke out in Cameroon.  11
 
1955
 
Oil was discovered near Luanda.  12
 
 
 
The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth edition. Peter N. Stearns, general editor. Copyright © 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Maps by Mary Reilly, copyright 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

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