IV. The Early Modern Period, 1500–1800 > G. Africa, 1500–1800 > 2. Regions > f. Southern Africa
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  The Encyclopedia of World History.  2001.
 
(See 1497)
 
f. Southern Africa
 
 
1. North of the Limpopo
1500–1700
 
Expansion of Maravi state system in Chewa-speaking area of the Shire Valley. The state was centered at Manthimba on the southwest side of Lake Malawi. It integrated pre-Maravi inhabitants through ritual and appointments, and expanded, around 1575, by settlement of lineage heads in adjacent territories.  1
 
1514
 
By this date, Swahili traders had established bazaars for regional trade in the Mutapa Empire.  2
 
1531
 
Swahili traders were ousted from Sena and Tete but remained in Zambezi region as agents for Portuguese.  3
 
1550
 
Portuguese began trading along the Zambezi River.  4
 
1575–1684
 
Portuguese transformed Swahili bazaars in lower Zambezi into feiras, central areas for Afro-Portuguese commerce, on land granted by local chiefs. The most celebrated feira was Dambarane.  5
 
1500–1800
 
NEW CROPS from Europe and Asia and the Americas entered southern Zambezi, including rice, yams, various fruit trees, groundnuts, cowpeas, and maize. New crops contributed to population increase.  6
 
1600–1700
 
Chewa-Maravi peoples became most important group in subregion north of Zambezi River; the Portuguese were forced to cooperate with them in the Zambezi Valley.  7
 
1624
 
Jesuit missions established along the Zambezi River.  8
 
1645
 
Portuguese began to export slaves from Mozambique to Brazil.  9
 
1677
 
Two thousand Portuguese colonialists arrived in Mozambique.  10
 
 
 
The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth edition. Peter N. Stearns, general editor. Copyright © 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Maps by Mary Reilly, copyright 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

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