V. The Modern Period, 1789–1914 > G. Africa, 1795–1917 > 3. Regions > e. West Central Africa
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  The Encyclopedia of World History.  2001.
 
(See 1800)
 
e. West Central Africa
 
 
1800
 
Around this time, Swahili-Arab traders in slaves and ivory established trading posts in northeastern present-day Zambia and southeastern present-day Zaire. These posts came to take on a military character and supplanted local chiefs in the eastern Lunda Empire.  1
 
1800–73
 
Consolidation and expansion of the Lunda Empire under a succession of rulers: Yavo ya Mbanyi in the early part of the century, Naweji ya Ditende (c. 1821–c. 1853), and Muteba ya Chikombe (c. 1857–73). The empire was ruled through a combination of traditional leaders and an appointed bureaucracy. It was knitted together by an ideology of unity and a balanced administrative structure. The empire was also strengthened by a location suited to agriculture and by the copper and salt trade. Wealth was also based on the slave trade for export and for domestic slave labor.  2
 
1819–21
 
Cotton cultivation was introduced into Angola.  3
 
1822
 
Popular uprising and mutiny in Luanda.  4
 
1834
 
Angola ignored antislavery prohibitions.  5
 
1838
 
The governor of Angola was removed for trafficking in slaves.  6
 
1839
 
King Denis, chief of the left bank of the Gabon River, accepted the French treaty.  7
 
1840
 
As part of the new Portuguese expansion into Angola, merchants founded the port of Mocamedes to tap into the ivory trade of the southern highlands.  8
 
1842
 
King Louis, chief of the right bank of the Gabon River, accepted the French treaty.  9
 
1844
 
Holy Ghost Fathers started missionary work in Gabon. Protestants opened a mission station at Bimbia.  10
 
1845
 
Baptist missions opened at Douala.  11
 
 
 
The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth edition. Peter N. Stearns, general editor. Copyright © 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Maps by Mary Reilly, copyright 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

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