VII. The Contemporary Period, 1945–2000 > D. Latin America, 1945–2000 > 2. South America, 1945–2000 > f. Peru
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  The Encyclopedia of World History.  2001.
 
(See 1942, Jan. 24)
 
f. Peru
 
 
1945, June 10
 
José Luis Bustamente was elected president, supported by Liberals and Apristas.  1
 
1948, Oct. 29
 
Pres. Bustamente's government was overthrown and replaced by a military junta under Gen. Manuel Odría (1897–1974). The APRA (American Popular Revolutionary Alliance) and the Communist Party were outlawed.  2
 
1950, July 2
 
Using a populist style reminiscent of Juan Perón of Argentina and running unopposed, Gen. Odría was elected president.  3
 
1951, Aug. 13
 
Peru asked the U.S., Argentina, Brazil, and Chile to investigate border incidents with Ecuador. Fighting had begun on Aug. 11 over the long-standing issue of access to certain Amazon tributaries.  4
 
1955
 
Peruvian women were granted the vote.  5
 
1956, June 17
 
Manuel Prado Ugarteche was elected president for a second term.  6
 
1958–62
 
As the land problem became more acute, members of Indian sierra communities organized and initiated land invasions on highland haciendas. In the region of La Convención valley, the seizures developed into a full-scale insurrection under Hugo Blanco before being brutally repressed.  7
 
1962, July 18
 
A military junta overthrew and imprisoned Pres. Prado. It also closed Congress and suspended constitutional guarantees. The U.S. suspended diplomatic relations and on July 19–20 halted all aid.  8
 
Aug. 17
 
The U.S. resumed diplomatic relations with Peru.  9
 
 
 
The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth edition. Peter N. Stearns, general editor. Copyright © 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Maps by Mary Reilly, copyright 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

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