VII. The Contemporary Period, 1945–2000 > D. Latin America, 1945–2000 > 2. South America, 1945–2000 > f. Peru
  The Encyclopedia of World History.  2001.
(See 1942, Jan. 24)
f. Peru
1945, June 10
José Luis Bustamente was elected president, supported by Liberals and Apristas.  1
1948, Oct. 29
Pres. Bustamente's government was overthrown and replaced by a military junta under Gen. Manuel Odría (1897–1974). The APRA (American Popular Revolutionary Alliance) and the Communist Party were outlawed.  2
1950, July 2
Using a populist style reminiscent of Juan Perón of Argentina and running unopposed, Gen. Odría was elected president.  3
1951, Aug. 13
Peru asked the U.S., Argentina, Brazil, and Chile to investigate border incidents with Ecuador. Fighting had begun on Aug. 11 over the long-standing issue of access to certain Amazon tributaries.  4
Peruvian women were granted the vote.  5
1956, June 17
Manuel Prado Ugarteche was elected president for a second term.  6
As the land problem became more acute, members of Indian sierra communities organized and initiated land invasions on highland haciendas. In the region of La Convención valley, the seizures developed into a full-scale insurrection under Hugo Blanco before being brutally repressed.  7
1962, July 18
A military junta overthrew and imprisoned Pres. Prado. It also closed Congress and suspended constitutional guarantees. The U.S. suspended diplomatic relations and on July 19–20 halted all aid.  8
Aug. 17
The U.S. resumed diplomatic relations with Peru.  9
The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth edition. Peter N. Stearns, general editor. Copyright © 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Maps by Mary Reilly, copyright 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.