VI. The World Wars and the Interwar Period, 1914–1945 > C. Europe, 1919–1945 > 19. The Balkan States > c. Greece
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  The Encyclopedia of World History.  2001.
 
(See Sept. 7)
 
c. Greece
 
Greece entered the war only in June 1917 after a virtual civil war between the prime minister, Eleftherios Venizelos, and King Constantine I. The latter went into exile without formally abdicating and was replaced by his son, ALEXANDER I. The subsequent purge of the Greek military, administration, and judiciary of Constantine's supporters set the stage for the instability of interwar Greece.  1
 
1920, June 22
 
Beginning of the Greek offensive in Anatolia (See 1919–22).  2
 
Aug. 10
 
The TREATY OF SÈVRES: Greece obtained Smyrna, the Dodecanese (except Rhodes), eastern Thrace, Imbros, and Tenedos.  3
 
Oct. 25
 
Death of King Alexander. Regency of Queen Olga.  4
 
Nov. 14
 
Defeat of the Venizelists in the election, due to dissatisfaction with the Anatolian adventure. Venizelos resigned.  5
 
Dec. 5
 
A plebiscite, held despite Allied warnings, showed an almost unanimous vote for King Constantine. The Allies thereupon withdrew all support from Greece.  6
 
 
 
The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth edition. Peter N. Stearns, general editor. Copyright © 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Maps by Mary Reilly, copyright 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

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