VI. The World Wars and the Interwar Period, 1914–1945 > C. Europe, 1919–1945 > 15. The Scandinavian States > f. Iceland
  PREVIOUS NEXT  
CONTENTS · SUBJECT INDEX · BIBLIOGRAPHIC RECORD
  The Encyclopedia of World History.  2001.
 
 
f. Iceland
1918, Nov. 30
 
By the Act of Union, Iceland was recognized as a sovereign state, united with Denmark only in the person of the ruler. But until 1944 certain affairs were to be handled jointly.  1
 
1920
 
A Supreme Court was established. By World War II Iceland controlled most of its own affairs: a postal system, a banking and money system, tariff laws, and a penal system. Denmark retained control over foreign relations and protected fishing rights in Icelandic waters.  2
 
1923
 
The Althing passed the Cultivation of Soil Act, granting subsidies for agricultural improvements. With the aid of modern equipment, this revitalized Icelandic agriculture.  3
 
1937
 
The Althing proclaimed that it would not seek a renewal of the treaty binding Iceland with Denmark.  4
 
1940, May 10
 
A British garrison was accepted under protest to prevent a German invasion.  5
 
1941, May 17
 
The Althing announced that Iceland would separate from Denmark.  6
 
July
 
After an agreement, American forces replaced British forces in Iceland.  7
 
 
 
The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth edition. Peter N. Stearns, general editor. Copyright © 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Maps by Mary Reilly, copyright 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

CONTENTS · SUBJECT INDEX · BIBLIOGRAPHIC RECORD
  PREVIOUS NEXT