V. The Modern Period, 1789–1914 > H. North America, 1789–1914 > 1. The United States, 1789–1877 > d. Reconstruction
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  The Encyclopedia of World History.  2001.
 
 
d. Reconstruction
1865, March
 
Congress created the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands. Known as the Freedmen's Bureau, the agency assisted the former slaves and helped them adjust to freedom. Although helpful, the bureau often placed planters' interests above those of the freed people, such as when they coerced blacks to accept unfair labor contracts.  1
 
May 29
 
Pres. Johnson issued a proclamation of amnesty, granting pardon to all ordinary persons who had participated in the rebellion who would take an oath of allegiance.  2
 
Dec
 
Joint Committee of Fifteen on Reconstruction was appointed by Congress.  3
 
Dec. 18
 
Ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment, abolishing slavery.  4
 
 
 
The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth edition. Peter N. Stearns, general editor. Copyright © 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Maps by Mary Reilly, copyright 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

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