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  The Encyclopedia of World History.  2001.
 
Subject Index
 
Page 11
 
 
Béziers
477, 479.
Bhadrabahu
129.
Bhagavadgita, Song of the Lord
129.
Bhaja
129.
bhakti, devotionalism
335.
Bhanugupta, ruler of India
324.
Bharatchandra, Bengali poet
835.
Bharatiya Janata Party, BJP
2644, 3979. See Hindu Nationalist Party.
Bharhut
129, 130, 132.
Bhaskara, Indian mathematician
131.
Bhatinda
325.
Bhatnair
334.
Bhavabhuti, dramatist
324.
Bhimadeva I, ruler of India
331.
Bhindrawale, Jarnail Singh, Indian leader
3977.
Bhoja, ruler of India
325.
Bhojpuri
3982.
Bhopal, India
2680, 3977.
BHP Company, Australia
2537.
Bhumaka, Saka satrap
132, 132.
Bhutto, Benazir, Pakistani leader
4010, 4010, 4011, 4011, 4012, 4012, 4012, 4014, 4014.
Bhutto, Zulfikar Ali, Pakistani leader
3972, 3997, 4001, 4002, 4003, 4003, 4004, 4005, 4006, 4006, 4006, 4006, 4007, 4007, 4008, 4008, 4010.
Biafra
875, 2636, 2667, 4320, 4320, 4368, 4368.
Bialik, Haim Nahman, poet
2391.
Bialystok
2593.
Bianchi, Michele, Italian Fascist leader
1945.
Bianjing
371.
Bianliang
371.
Biarritz
1101.
Bias Bay, Japanese landing at
2480.
Bibi Titi binti Mohamed, Tanganyikan leader
4409.
Bible
104, 104, 105, 127, 268, 403, 406, 446, 469, 513, 542, 580, 586, 587, 609, 609, 614, 615, 636, 690, 754, 761, 766, 800, 933, 1068, 1299, 1415, 1514, 1522; Latin translation, 401; King James version, 590; translated by Luther, 613.
Bichat, Marie-François, anatomist
1041.
Bicocca, battle of
607.
bicycles
989.
Bidar
333, 334, 334, 334.
Bidassoa River
604.
Bidault, Georges, French leader
2838, 2840, 2843, 2844.
Biddle, Francis, U.S. leader
2212.
Biddle, James, U.S. naval commander
1438.
Bielecki, Jan Krzysztof, Polish leader
3112.
Bierut, Boleslaw, Polish leader
3091, 3095, 3096.
Bigelow, Erastus B., inventor
985.
Bigge, John T., British official
1488.
Bight of Benin
359.
Bigi, Federico, Italian leader
2934.
Bignone, Reynaldo Benito Antonio, Argentine leader
3494.
Big Ten
1784.
Bihar
129, 324, 331, 578, 831, 835, 836, 3973, 3982.
Bihbahani, Vahid, religious scholar
817.
Bihishti, Muhammad Husayni, Iranian leader
3822.
Bihzad, Timurid painter
308, 812.
Bijapur
334, 830, 831, 831, 833, 833, 833, 834.
Bijaya
322.
Bijedich, Dzemal, Yugoslavian leader
3173.
Biketawa Declaration
4287.
Bikini Atoll
3390, 4283, 4283.
Biko, Steven, South African leader
2674, 4477, 4479.
Bilad al-Sudan
880.
Bilbao
1920, 1930, 1930.
Bilbao, Francisco, Latin American leader
1662.
Bildt, Carl, Swedish leader
3066, 3067.
Bilhana of Kashmir, poet
336.
Billinghurst, Guillermo, Peruvian leader
2258.
Bill of Rights, England
678, 678, 679, 934.
Bill of Rights, U.S.
1564.
Biloxi
922.
Biltmore Declaration
2394.
Bimbia
1538.
Bimbisara, king of Magadha
129.
Binaisa, Godfrey, Ugandan leader
4429.
Binche
653.
Binchois, Gilles, musician
524.
Bin Diyaf
See Ahmad ibn Abi Diyaf, historian.
Bingyang, battle of
1420.
Bing Xuyen, Vietnam
4257.
bin Laden, Osama, terrorist
2697, 3437, 3785, 3786, 3835, 3836, 3837, 3895, 4391, 4406, 4410, 4418, 4427.
Bio, Julius Maada, Sierra Leonean leader
4382.
biochemistry
1043.
Bioko Islands
4338.
biology
1043, 1731, 1731, 1731, 1731, 1731, 1731, 1731, 2675; artificial insemination, 1735; cloning, 2693, 2800; test-tube baby, 2704; human genome, 2705.
Biqa
1335, 2379.
Birch, J. W. W., British resident in Malaya
1411.
Birdseye, Clarence, pioneer in food processing
1735.
Bir-el-Gobi
2614.
Bireux, Eugène, playwright
1903.
Birge, Pyrgion
306.
Birger, king of Sweden
463.
Birger, Jarl
See Jarl Birger ~Magnusson, Swedish leader.
Biringuccio, Vannocio, metallurgist
637, 643.
Birlik (Unity) Movement
3388, 3389.
Birmingham, England
686, 1159, 1162, 2797, 2812, 3408.
Birmingham Movement
3408.
Birmingham Political Union
1048.
Birney, James G., U.S. leader
1577.
Biro, George, inventor
1734.
Biro, Ladislao J., inventor
1734.
Biró, Zoltán, Hungarian leader
3157.
Birrell's Land Act, England
1170.
birth control
1142. See sexuality and reproduction.
Biru
See Peru.
Bir Zelten, Libya
3947.
Bisa people
889, 1529.
Bisbee
2188.
Bishapur
272.
Khuri, Bishara al-, Lebanese leader
2383, 2383, 3845, 3845.
Bishop, Maurice, Grenadian leader
3762, 3764.
Bishop, W. A., British pilot
1766.
bishops of Rome
80, 80.
Bishops' Wars
591.
Bismarck, German ship
2606.
Bismarck, Otto von, Prussian leader
955, 962, 963, 964, 1100, 1100, 1101, 1102, 1102, 1102, 1102, 1103, 1104, 1105, 1105, 1106, 1106, 1107, 1108, 1109, 1110, 1110, 1111, 1112, 1114, 1114, 1114, 1114, 1116, 1116, 1185, 1188, 1188, 1229, 1230, 1231, 1232, 1232, 1233, 1234, 1234, 1234, 1234, 1235, 1235, 1235, 1235, 1235, 1235, 1235, 1268, 1316.
Bismarck Archipelago
27, 52, 1477, 1768, 2530.
Bissau
4351, 4351.
Bissell, Melville Reuben, inventor
985.
Bissing, Moritz von, German commander
1738.
Bit Adini, Til Barsip
106, 106.
Bit Argusi, Arpad
106, 106.
Bithynia
214, 237, 240, 240, 245, 253, 261, 309, 502, 508, 508, 508, 508, 565.
Bitlis
1331.
Bito dynasty
362, 883.
Bitola
1326.
Bitolje
See Monastir (Bitolje).
Biton Kulubali, Bambara leader
870.
Bittideva, ruler of India
337.
Bituminous Coal Commission, U.S.
2205, 2206.
Bituminous Coal Stabilization Act, U.S.
2206.
Biya, Paul, Cameroonian leader
4332, 4332, 4332.
Biyak-na-bato Pact
1481.
Bi Yuan, Chinese historian
854.
Bizerte
828, 1932, 2426, 2615, 3942.
Bizerte Issue
3943.
Bizimungu, Rwanda leader
4425.
Bizonia
2985.
Bjarnason, Clemens, of Iceland
774.
Björkö treaty
1129, 1129.
Bjorn, king of Sweden
426.
Björnson, Sveinn, Icelandic leader
2061.
Black and Tans
1862.
Black Berets, OMON
3346.
Black Codes, U.S.
1592.
Black Death
See bubonic plague; disease.
Black Flags, guerrillas in Tonkin
1474.
Black Friars
See Dominicans.
Black Friday, Great Britain
1841.
Black Hand, Serbia
1140, 1140.
Black Hawk, American Indian leader
1575.
Blackheath, battle of
585.
Black Hills, South Dakota
1597.
Black Hole of Calcutta
835.
Black Hundreds, punitive raids in Russia
1263.
Black Legend
894, 914.
Black Line, Tasmania
1488.
Blackmun, Harry A., U.S. jurist
3419.
Black Muslims
3411.
Black Pagoda, Konarak
337.
Black Panthers, U.S.
2644, 3413, 3417, 3418.
Black Prince
See Edward the Black Prince, prince of Wales.
Blacks, German liberal society
584, 1071.
Black Saturday Riots, Egypt
3904.
Black Sea
111, 112, 116, 119, 124, 176, 176, 198, 257, 309, 314, 315, 402, 430, 438, 441, 473, 473, 473, 473, 488, 538, 550, 557, 564, 568, 784, 787, 791, 805, 806, 811, 869, 962, 1045, 1100, 1114, 1114, 1139, 1258, 1259, 1260, 1272, 1334, 1334, 1339, 1343, 1748, 2067, 2321, 2593, 2597, 3382.
Black Shirts
1704.
Blackstone, William, English jurist
645.
Black War, Tasmania
1488.
Blagoveshchensk
1424.
Blaine, James G., U.S. leader
1595, 1602, 1603.
Blair, Tony, British leader
2758, 2800, 2800, 2802, 2803, 2815.
Blais, Marie-Claire, writer
3448.
Blake, Robert, English commander
648.
Blanc, Louis, French socialist
1035, 1061, 1081, 1081, 1081.
Blanche of Castile, regent of France
451.
Blanco, Hugo, Peruvian Indian leader
3552.
Blanco Party, Uruguay
1667, 2252, 2252.
Blancos
3528.
Bland-Allison Act, U.S.
1599.
Blanqui, Auguste, French leader
1188.
Blantyre
1547, 1547, 1547, 1548.
Blatch, Harriet Stanton, U.S. leader
2187.
Blaxland, Gregory, English explorer
1488.
Bled
1835.
Bleeding Kansas
1583.
Blekinge
552, 761.
Blemmyes
99, 99.
Blériot, Louis, aviation pioneer
991.
Bligh, William, British commander
866, 1487, 1487.
Bliss, Tasker Howard, U.S. general
1780.
Blitz, Gerard, founder of Club Med
2702.
Blitzkrieg, World War II
2582, 2587.
Bloc Démocratique Sénégalais
4322.
Bloch, Marc, historian
1815.
Block, Adrian, Dutch explorer
932, 932.
Bloc National, France
1901.
Bloemfontein
2578, 2579.
Bloemfontein Convention
1552.
Blois
599, 599.
Blomberg, Werner von, German leader
1986.
Blommaert, Samuel, Dutch colonizer
932.
Blondel, François, architect
643.
blood libel, against the Jews
1332, 1332.
Blood River, battle of
1551.
Bloody Mary
See Mary I (the Catholic), queen of England.
Bloody Sunday, St. Petersburg
1263.
Bloody Week, Paris
1188.
Blücher, Gebhard Leberecht von, prince of Wahlstaff
1033, 1033.
Blue Mosque, mosque of Ahmed I
800.
Blue Nile
96, 879.
Blue Shirts, China
2475.
Blue Shirts, Egypt
2364.
Blum, Léon, French leader
1901, 1902, 1912, 1913, 1913, 1914, 1914, 2423, 2840, 2841.
Blum-Viollette Bill
2423.
Bluteau, Rafael, Portuguese scholar
728.
Blyden, Edward, Liberian leader
1515.
Blyukher, Vasili, Galen
2468.
BOAC
1736.
Board of Admiralty, China
1420.
Board of Commerce and Money, Spain
719.
Board of Economic Warfare, U.S.
2214, 2608.
Board of Indian Commissioners, U.S.
1594.
Board of Trade, England
938.
Bobadilla, Francisco de, Spanish colonial administrator
572, 909.
Bobbio
425.
Bobrikov, Nicholas, Russian governor-general of Finland
1254, 1255, 1255.
Bocage, Manuel, Portuguese writer
727.
Boccaccio, Giovanni, writer
525, 534.
Bochchoris
See Bakenref, king of Egypt.
Bock, Jerome, botanist
637.
Bocskay, Stephen, prince of Transylvania
635.
Bodawpaya, king of Burma
1402.
Bodenstein, Andreas, German religion reformer
613.
Bodhidarma, Buddhist monk
158.
Bodin, king of Serbia
494.
Bodin, Jean, French philosopher
584, 599.
Bodmer, Johannes J., Swiss scholar
749.
Body of Liberties, Massachusetts Bay Colony
933.
Boeing Company
2704.
Boelcke, Oswald, German pilot
1765.
Boeotia
168, 171, 183, 187, 189, 192, 193, 196, 197, 197, 199, 202, 203, 210.
Boeotian League
180, 182, 183, 192, 193, 200, 201.
Boers
970, 973, 1162, 1237, 1549, 1551, 1551, 1551, 1551, 1551, 1552, 1552, 1552, 1554, 1555, 1558; and South African War, 1558.
Boer War
See South African War.
Boethius, Anicius Manlius Severinus, philosopher
268, 406, 422, 513.
Boettcher, Herbert, Lithuanian leader
2091.
Boeyants, Vanden, Belgian leader
2822.
Boff, Leonardo, priest
2963.
Bogardus, James, construction engineer
984.
Boaziçi University
1335.
Bogdo Gegen, the Living Buddha
2487, 2487.
Boghazköy
113.
Bogoliubski, Andrei, prince of Suzdal
489.
Bogomils
441, 494, 496, 501, 562.
Bogotá
913, 1650, 1650, 1650, 1650, 1672, 1672, 1674, 3466, 3473, 3575, 3585, 3588, 3593.
Bogotá plateau
897, 897.
Bográn, Luis, Latin American leader
1686.
Bohai
378.
Bohemia
279, 417, 434, 454, 455, 459, 459, 483, 483, 483, 486, 486, 486, 513, 530, 540, 540, 540, 541, 541, 541, 541, 541, 541, 541, 541, 542, 542, 542, 544, 544, 544, 544, 544, 544, 544, 544, 545, 555, 555, 555, 556, 560, 560, 560, 560, 561, 561, 613, 616, 616, 616, 617, 617, 617, 617, 617, 617, 618, 620, 620, 620, 622, 624, 634, 634, 634, 634, 634, 634, 635, 660, 660, 662, 662, 758, 759, 1026, 1073, 1073, 1087, 1089, 1089, 1089, 1090, 1090, 1102, 1242, 1243, 1244, 2013, 2021, 2021, 2021; occupation by Germany, 1992.
Bohemia-Moravia
3129.
Bohemian Brotherhood
545, 634.
Bohemian Mark
411.
Bohemund of Otranto, Crusader
500, 501, 501, 505, 505, 505.
Böhme, Jakob, German mystic
624.
Bohr, Niels, physicist
1150.
Bohuslän
761, 768.
Boii
228, 233.
Bois-Reymond, Emil du, physiologist
1043.
Bo Juyi, writer
370.
Bokassa, Jean-Bedel, Central African Republic leader
2867, 4333, 4333, 4333, 4333, 4333, 4334, 4335, 4335.
Bokhara
1259.
Boland, Frederick H., UN leader
2808.
Boleslav I, duke of Bohemia
483, 483.
Boleslav I Chrobry, the Brave
417, 456, 483, 486, 486.
Boleslav II, duke of Bohemia
416, 483.
Boleslav II, the Bold
486, 486.
Boleslav III, Wry-mouth
486, 486.
Boleslav IV, king of Poland
486.
Boleslav V, king of Poland
487.
Boleyn, Anne, wife of Henry VIII
585, 586, 586, 586, 586.
Bolger, Jim, New Zealand leader
4317, 4317, 4317.
Bolívar, republic of
1649.
Bolívar, Simón, Latin American leader
1649, 1649, 1649, 1650, 1650, 1650, 1650, 1650, 1650, 1650, 1650, 1651, 1651, 1652, 1652, 1668, 1668, 1670, 1670, 1672, 1675.
Bolivia
570, 1649, 1663, 1664, 1666, 1668, 1670, 1670, 1670, 1677, 1717, 1721, 1738, 2246, 2248, 2248, 2248, 2248, 2254, 2254, 2255, 2255, 2255, 2257, 2271, 3467, 3472, 3473, 3476, 3477, 3520, 3536, 3538, 3538, 3548, 3549, 3549, 3550, 3550, 3551, 3551, 3579, 3585, 3720; independence of, 1649; WWI, 1770, 2254; between Wars, 2254, 2254, 2255, 2255, 2255; tin industry, 2255; and U.S., 3536, 3538, 3538, 3538, 3540, 3541, 3543, 3547, 3547; Bolivian Revolution, 3538; and Russia, 3543; cocaine, 3545, 3547.
Bolivian Revolutionary Front
3540.
Bologna
443, 469, 614, 746, 746, 1014, 1092, 1941, 1945, 1960, 2933, 2944.
Bolo Pasha, German agent in France
1901.
Bolsheviks, Russian extremists
1262, 1703, 1703, 1752, 1756, 1756, 1772, 1774, 1784, 1787, 1788, 1817, 1817, 2053, 2053, 2064, 2064, 2064, 2064, 2064, 2065, 2065, 2065, 2066, 2066, 2066, 2067, 2067, 2067, 2067, 2067, 2067, 2067, 2067, 2067, 2084, 2085, 2085, 2086, 2087, 2096, 2097, 2098, 2102, 2103, 2114, 2115, 2160, 2335, 2463, 2490, 2593.
Boltzmann, Ludwig, physicist
1148.
Bólyai, János, mathematician
1039.
Bolzano
2925, 3037.
Bombay
129, 132, 327, 327, 328, 648, 834, 835, 836, 1351, 1367, 1394, 1396, 1396, 1397, 1399, 2437, 2444, 2447, 3951, 3985.
Bombay Association
1396.
Bombay Presidency Association
1398.
Bomber Command
2550.
Bombet, Emile, Ivory Coast leader
4354.
Bonald, Louis Gabriel Ambroise de
1035.
Bonaparte, Joseph, brother of Napoleon
726, 1024, 1027, 1028, 1643.
Bonaparte, Joseph Charles, prince
1211.
Bonaparte, Louis, brother of Napoleon
705, 1026.
Bonaparte, Louis-Napoleon, French leader
1082, 1083, 1084, 1085, 1086.
Bonaparte, Lucien, brother of Napoleon
1012.
Bonaparte, Napoleon
See Napoleon I.
Bonaparte, Pierre
1185.
 
 
The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth edition. Peter N. Stearns, general editor. Copyright © 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Maps by Mary Reilly, copyright 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

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