V. The Modern Period, 1789–1914 > B. The French Revolution and Europe, 1789–1914 > 5. Revolutions in Europe, 1848–1852 > c. Austria and Bohemia > 1848, March 11 > June 17
  The Encyclopedia of World History.  2001.
June 17
Windischgrätz bombarded Prague, crushed the Czech revolutionary movement, and established a military dictatorship in Bohemia. This was the first step in the recovery of the governmental power. Slav demands were ignored.  1
July 8
The Pillersdorf government was replaced. Schwarzer became the minister of public works and reduced the wages paid by public works for women and children. Schwarzer reminded the workers' delegation sent to complain about this action of the bloody June Days in France.  2
July 22
The constituent assembly (Reichstag) met in Vienna. It discarded the constitution previously promulgated by the government and drew up a new document, pronouncedly democratic. Its only act of lasting importance was the emancipation of the peasants from manorial burdens (law of Sept. 7).  3
Aug. 23
Battle of the Prater. Workers' demonstrations clashed with police in Vienna, over the public works issue. The National Guard supported the police and a bloody battle ensued. The workers were put down, and with the armies winning on all fronts, it appeared that the revolution was over. However, the continued struggle in Hungary led to one more attempt by Austrian democrats.  4
Oct. 6
As a battalion prepared to leave for Hungary, the democrats in Vienna, supported by the National Guard, resumed demonstrations.  5
Oct. 7
The emperor again left Vienna and threatened reprisals if the democrats did not surrender. The Imperial Army, joined by Bohemian forces, threatened Vienna. The failure of the Hungarian and Viennese troops to communicate resulted in the Hungarian troops falling back.  6
Oct. 31
Vienna fell and thus destroyed the democratic bid for power.  7
Dec. 2
Ferdinand abdicated in favor of his nephew, Francis Joseph, and a new government was established by Prince Felix von Schwarzenberg. Schwarzenberg expressed a desire to cooperate with the constitutional assembly.  8
1849, March 7
The assembly, having been moved to Kremsier to protect it from public opinion, approved a constitution unanimously. The constitution provided for a bicameral Parliament with the lower house elected by universal male suffrage and the upper house composed of delegates from the local diets. The emperor could call for a new assembly or suspend legislation and could choose a minister of state who was responsible to the Parliament. The constitution provided a federalist system and ensured the rights of all the peoples and languages within the Habsburg states.  9
The government dissolved the constitutional assembly but introduced its own constitution, which did not provide for a federalist system, declared the state indivisible, and limited the franchise to those who held property. The government also ignored this constitution and finally withdrew it in 1851. (See The Austrian Empire)  10
The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth edition. Peter N. Stearns, general editor. Copyright © 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Maps by Mary Reilly, copyright 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.