VI. The World Wars and the Interwar Period, 1914–1945 > C. Europe, 1919–1945 > 17. The Baltic States > b. Lithuania
  The Encyclopedia of World History.  2001.
b. Lithuania
1917, Sept. 18–22
A Lithuanian conference at Vilna led to the establishment of a national council and a demand for independence from Russia (Dec. 11). The movement was encouraged by the Germans.  1
1918, Feb. 16
A FORMAL DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE resulted. The new state was at once invaded by the Bolsheviks.  2
March 3
The treaty of Brest-Litovsk (See March 3), however, obliged Russia to recognize Lithuanian independence. The Germans also recognized the new state (March 23) and drew it into alliance with Germany (May 14).  3
June 4
Duke William of Urach as king was elected by the Lithuanian government. But when German power collapsed in November, this election was rescinded.  4
Nov. 11
Augustinas Voldemaras formed a national government, the first of many short-lived cabinets. The Germans were obliged to withdraw, whereupon the Bolsheviks again invaded the country.  5
The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth edition. Peter N. Stearns, general editor. Copyright © 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Maps by Mary Reilly, copyright 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.