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  The Encyclopedia of World History.  2001.
 
Subject Index
 
Page 14
 
 
Cabrera, Manuel Estrada, Guatemalan leader
1681, 2278.
Cáceres, Andrés Avelino, Latin American leader
1670.
Cadamosto, Alvise da, explorer
281, 358.
Cade, John, English rebel
515.
Cadets, Russia
1263, 1264, 1264, 1265.
Cadillac, Antoine de, French explorer
922.
Cádiz
476, 603, 648, 911, 957, 1028, 1028, 1062, 1063, 1929.
Cadmea, citadel of Thebes
200, 200.
Cadorna, Luigi, Italian general
1757, 1757, 1780, 1799.
Caduveo
570.
Caecilis Statius, Roman playwright
229.
Caecina, Roman general
251.
Caen
1006, 2619.
Caesar, title
255, 261, 261, 261, 261, 262, 262, 262, 457.
Caesar, Gaius
See Caligula, Roman emperor.
Caesar, Julius, Roman leader
46, 218, 219, 239, 240, 240, 240, 240, 240, 240, 241, 241, 241, 241, 241, 241, 241, 241, 241, 242, 243, 246, 246, 402, 421.
Caesariensis
248.
Caetano, Marcello, Portuguese leader
2914, 2915.
Cafferata, Geronimo, Peruvian leader
3557.
Cagoulards, French royalists
1913.
Cahokia
53, 280, 922.
Caicos
3765.
Cai Dai, Vietnamese sect
2525.
Cai E, Chinese leader
2461.
Cai Jing, Chinese leader
372.
Caillaux, Joseph, French leader
1135, 1135, 1135, 1198, 1901, 1902.
Caillié, René, explorer
1507.
Caingang
570.
Cairo
287, 296, 302, 317, 319, 320, 323, 353, 507, 507, 792, 799, 800, 808, 808, 810, 1010, 1119, 1327, 1335, 1346, 1347, 1366, 1366, 1366, 1367, 1372, 1372, 1373, 1373, 1384, 1699, 1752, 2353, 2355, 2359, 2363, 2364, 2379, 2416, 2643, 2655, 2661, 2673, 2678, 2681, 2690, 3771, 3778, 3783, 3786, 3821, 3845, 3876, 3901, 3903, 3904, 3905, 3909, 3910, 3910, 3912, 3917, 3918, 3927, 3947; WWI, 1751; conference, 2484, 2493, 2632, 2632; Metro, 3914.
Cairo Agreement
3845.
Cairo Caliphate Congress
2357.
Cairo Declaration
2632.
Cairo University
2356, 2357, 2360.
Caisse de la Dette
1372.
Cai Yuanpei, educator
2464.
Cajamarca
898.
Cakchiquel
902.
Çakmak, Fevzi, Turkish leader
3790.
Cakobau, Fiji
1476.
Calabar, Nigeria
1515, 4323.
Calabar, Domingo Fernandes, Brazilian leader
915.
Calabria
431, 435, 466, 467, 500, 827, 1224.
Calais
512, 513, 515, 521, 521, 521, 586, 588, 588, 588, 598, 2587.
Calatafimi, battle of
1212.
Calatrava
476.
calculating devices
639, 985, 986, 1039.
Calcutta
834, 835, 835, 835, 1394, 1396, 1396, 1399, 1401, 2434, 2437, 3985.
Caldera Rodríguez, Rafael, Venezuelan leader
3601, 3603, 3604.
Calder Hall, England
2769.
Calderón, battle at bridge of
1653.
Calderón, Francisco García, writer
2241.
Calderón, Pedro, Spanish playwright
604.
Calderón, Rafael Angel, Costa Rican leader
3690.
Calderón Sol, Armando, Salvadoran leader
3673.
Caledonia
255, 421.
Caledon River
1551.
calendar
87, 131, 241; Islamic, 286; Persian, 302; Japan, 383; Maya, 570; reform of Pope Gregory XIII, 609; Gregorian, 687, 1020; Chinese, 854.
Calhoun, Georgia
1574.
Calhoun, John C., U.S. leader
1574, 1577, 1580.
Cali
897.
Cali cartel
3579, 3589, 3589.
California, U.S. state
33, 904, 904, 904, 954, 1438, 1471, 1563, 1579, 1690, 1795, 2544, 3411, 3436; Russian settlements, 1256, 1259; in the Mexican War, 1578, 1688; gold rush, 1579, 1662, 1678; admission to the Union, 1580; and Chinese labor, 1601.
California, University of
3390, 3426.
Caligula, Roman emperor
247, 248, 248, 248, 252.
Calinescu, Armand, Romanian leader
2184, 2184.
Calixtines, Bohemian reformers
544.
Calixtus II, pope
468.
Calixtus III, antipope
469.
Callaghan, James, British leader
2758, 2789, 2789, 2790.
Callan
1164.
Callao
865, 865, 865, 3557.
Callbeck, Catherine, Canadian leader
3458.
Callejas, Rafael Leonardo, Latin American leader
3697, 3698.
Calle Lombana, Humberto de la, Latin American leader
3589.
Calles, Plutarco Elías, Mexican leader
2195, 2295, 2296, 2297, 2297, 2297, 2297, 2297, 2297, 2298, 2298, 2298, 2298.
Calles-Morrow agreement, U.S.-Mexico
2297.
Calley, William L., U.S. soldier
3422.
Callicrates, king of Sparta
211, 212.
Callimachus, Greek poet
208.
Callinicum
427.
Callistratus, Athenian leader
202.
Callistus, Roman freedman
248.
Caltabeleotta, peace of
533.
Calvert, Cecilius, 2nd baron Baltimore
929, 930, 930, 937, 937.
Calvert, Charles, 3rd baron Baltimore
929, 937.
Calvert, George, 1st baron Baltimore
929, 929.
Calvin, John, theologian and reformer
401, 580, 595, 597, 615, 615, 625, 625.
Calvinism
588, 597, 609, 609, 615, 615, 617, 621, 624, 625, 625, 632, 635, 712, 1014, 1144; Holland, 595, 595, 595; Africa, 890; Americas, 915; Low Countries, 1053, 1174.
Camano, Francisco, Latin American leader
3742.
Cámara
909.
Camarda, Demetrio, writer
1325.
Camarina
196.
Cambay
332.
Cambodia
79, 131, 132, 133, 135, 135, 339, 340, 342, 342, 849, 849, 849, 849, 849, 849, 849, 849, 849, 849, 849, 849, 1402, 1405, 1407, 1409, 1409, 1409, 1409, 1473, 1474, 1475, 2453, 2453, 2453, 2625, 2638, 2638, 2676, 2689, 4047, 4069, 4075, 4081, 4081, 4081, 4084, 4084, 4085, 4085, 4085, 4086, 4086, 4087, 4087, 4087, 4087, 4087, 4088, 4088, 4088, 4088, 4088, 4088, 4088, 4090, 4090, 4091, 4091, 4092, 4095, 4096, 4100, 4101, 4101, 4113, 4255, 4256, 4256, 4264, 4264, 4268, 4269, 4272, 4275, 4275, 4276, 4277; and Siam, 1405, 1405; between Wars, 2453; WWII, 2454, 2454, 2454; and U.S., 3413, 3419, 3420, 4080, 4081, 4081, 4081, 4082, 4084, 4085, 4086, 4086, 4272, 4272, 4272, 4275; economy, 4047; and France, 4075, 4075, 4075, 4076, 4081; and Russia, 4077, 4081, 4081; and China, 4078, 4080, 4081, 4086, 4087, 4087, 4088, 4163; Khmer Republic, 4085; Kampuchea, 4086, 4087, 4088, 4088, 4088; peace, 4089; Vietnamese, 4275; Chinese, 4275.
Cambodian People's Party, CPP
4091.
Cambon, Jules, French envoy
1135.
Cambrai
524, 653, 1801, 1812; treaty of, 602, 608, 608, 614.
Cambrésis
653.
Cambridge, Massachusetts
926, 1736.
Cambridge University
446, 513, 640, 1048.
Cambyses I, king of Persia
95, 99, 123, 124.
Camden, battle of
951.
Camel, battle of the
288.
cameras
990.
Cameron, Donald, British leader
2559.
Cameron Reforms
2559.
Cameroon
343, 2554, 2555, 2558, 2568, 2568, 2568, 2569, 2569, 2611, 4325, 4332, 4332, 4337, 4432, 4432, 4433; British Northern Cameroon, 4324; Southern Cameroon, 4324; independence, 4332; Republic of Cameroon, 4332; Western Cameroon, 4332; Federal Republic of Cameroon, 4332; United Republic of Cameroon, 4332; volcanic gases, 4332.
Cameroons
954, 955, 1111, 1135, 1517, 1543; WWI, 1768.
Camillus, Marcus Furius, Roman dictator
226.
Camões, Luis de, Portuguese poet
605.
Campagna
459.
Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament
2771.
Campaña Admirable
1650.
Campania
220, 221, 222, 222, 222, 226, 227, 229, 229, 230, 238, 241.
Campbell, Angus, inventor
988.
Campbell, Archibald
1402.
Campbell, Kim, Canadian leader
3458.
Campbell-Bannerman, Henry
1155.
Campbell-Swinton, A. A., inventor
1736.
Camp David, Maryland
2675, 3404, 3437, 3869, 3876.
Camp David Accords
3777, 3861, 3910.
Campero, Narciso, Latin American leader
1668.
Camphausen, Rudolf, Prussian leader
1096.
Camp of National Unity
2123.
Campo Formio, treaty of
760, 1009, 1017.
Campong-Thom
2625.
Cámpora, Hector, Argentine leader
3490, 3490.
Campos, Albizu, Latin American leader
2309, 2309.
Campos, Pedro Albizu, Latin American leader
2309.
Campos Salles, Manoel de, Latin American leader
1677.
Campus Martius
239.
Cam Ranh Bay
4275.
Camras, Marvin, pioneer in sound recording
990.
Camus, Albert, philosopher
2701, 2839, 2849.
Canaan
83, 92, 93, 100, 101, 101, 102, 103, 103, 103, 103, 103, 104, 104, 107, 2376.
Canada
13, 18, 33, 40, 53, 666, 919, 919, 920, 920, 921, 921, 939, 939, 940, 951, 952, 953, 956, 993, 993, 993, 995, 995, 1563, 1572, 1615, 1622, 1699, 1853, 2217, 2217, 2225, 2229, 2273, 2598, 2637, 2638, 2640, 2641, 2642, 2643, 2644, 2664, 2664, 2672, 2673, 2673, 2683, 2688, 2692, 2708, 2714, 2717, 2721, 2730, 2758, 2867, 3254, 3443, 3444, 3444, 3452, 3454, 3455, 3455, 3458, 3463, 3707, 3712, 3759, 4029, 4047, 4066, 4087, 4262, 4451; and French and Indian War, 940; and American Revolution, 947, 947; and India, 1401; and U.S., 1571, 1576, 1625, 1629, 1635, 3391, 3430, 3431, 3443, 3444, 3447, 3449, 3449, 3450, 3450, 3456, 3458; boundary with U.S., 1574, 1576, 1578, 1623, 1625; and Alaska boundary, 1613, 1639; dominion of, 1622, 1623, 1630, 1630, 1630, 1631, 1635, 1635, 1637, 1641; exploration of, 1623, 1623; and War of 1812, 1623, 1623, 1623; rebellion in, 1625, 1629; union of Upper and Lower Canada, 1628; gold rush, 1630; 1878–1914, 1634; and South African War, 1639; WWI, 1801, 2217, 2218, 2219, 2498; WWI cost, 2220; and Great Britain, 2217, 2224, 2226, 2227, 2228, 2229, 2232, 2232, 2233, 3443, 3444, 3445; between Wars, 2217, 2222, 2224, 2226, 2230, 2231, 2232, 2232; Great Depression, 2217, 2227, 2227; and Japan, 2226; and France, 2226, 2229, 2234, 3452, 3453; New Deal, 2231, 2231, 2232, 2232; WWII, 2233, 2233, 2234, 2599, 2608, 2608, 2617, 2619, 2621; economy and society, 3443, 3443, 3456; cold war, 3443; and Russia, 3443, 3446, 3451; and Korea, 3445; and China, 3448, 3451, 3455; centennial of dominion status, 3452; and Gabon, 3453; linguistic rights, 3453, 3454; and Europe, 3454, 3454; and Middle East, 3456; and North America, 3458; fisheries, 3458; and Africa, 3461. See Canadian-American relations; French Canadians; Japanese Canadians; Quebec; terrorism.
Canada Act, England
1623.
Canada First movement
1630.
Canada Paper Company
1630.
Canada-United States Committee on Joint Defense
3447.
Canadian-American relations
2217, 2222, 2224, 2224, 2225, 2226, 2226, 2227, 2228, 2229, 2231.
Canadian Armed Services
3452.
Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, CBC
2229, 3445.
Canadian Citizenship Act
3443.
Canadian Congress of Labour
3446.
Canadian Immigration Board
3458.
Canadian Labor Congress, CLC
1635, 3446.
Canadian Métis Society
3453.
Canadian National Railways
2217, 2229.
Canadian Northern Railway
1638, 2217.
Canadian Pacific Railway
956, 1634, 1635, 1635.
Canadian Pacific Railway Company
2229.
Canadian Radio Broadcasting Commission
2229.
Canadian Radio-Television Commission, CRTC
3453.
Canadian Reform Conservative Alliance
3464.
Canalejas y Méndez, José, Spanish leader
1204.
canals
956.
Canal-to-Cape Railroad
1236.
Canal Zone
See Panama Canal Zone; Suez Canal Zone.
Cananea Copper Company
1692.
Canarese
133, 327, 327.
Canary Islands
281, 281, 572, 906, 1131, 2899.
Canberra, Australia
1498, 2543, 4297.
Canberra Agreement
4283.
Cancellaria reliefs
246.
Cancuc
913.
Candaules, Phrygian king
114.
Candelaria, María de la, Maya visionary
913.
Candia
437, 611, 745, 801.
Candian War
745.
Candomblê
3465.
Cang Yingxuan, Chinese potter
854.
Canmore, Malcolm (Malcolm III), king of Scotland
447, 447.
Cann, Rebecca, molecular biologist
24.
Cannae
231, 438.
Cannes
1033.
Canning, earl, Charles John, British leader
1396.
Canning, George, British leader
1045, 1046, 1275.
Cannizzaro, Stanislao, chemist
1151.
Cano, Guillermo, publisher
3583.
Cano, Juan Sebastián del, explorer
574.
Canonchet, chief of the Narragansetts
933.
canon law
1223.
Canossa
455, 468, 468, 469.
Canova, Antonio, Italian artist
735.
Canovas del Castillo, Antonio, Spanish leader
1204.
Cantacuzenos, John, Byzantine leader
309.
Cantave, León, Haitian leader
3745.
Cantemir, Demetrius, Moldavian scholar
806.
Canterbury
422, 422, 422, 445, 469; cathedral, 444, 446.
Canterbury Tales
513.
Cantillon, Richard, Irish economist
645.
Canton
155, 292, 1415, 1416, 1416, 2524. See Guangzhou.
cantonalists, Spain
1202.
Cantor, Georg, mathematician
1148.
Canudos
1677.
Cañuelo, Luis, Spanish writer
718.
Canute II, the Great
422, 422, 422, 426, 454, 461, 486.
Canute VI, king of Denmark
461.
Cão, Diogo, explorer
281.
Cao Cao, Chinese leader
156, 156, 156, 156, 156, 156, 158.
Cao family
157.
Cao Pi, Chinese leader
156, 156.
Cao Xueqin, Chinese writer
854.
Cape African franchise
2578, 2579, 2580.
Cape Ann
926.
Cape Bojador
281, 358, 869.
Cape Bon
322.
Cape Breton Island
666, 939, 940.
Cape Coast
874, 1513.
Cape Coast Castle
876, 878.
Cape Cod
920, 926, 932, 932, 935.
Cape Colony
1549, 1549, 1549, 1549, 1550, 1550, 1550, 1550, 1550, 1550, 1551, 1551, 1551, 1552, 1552, 1552, 1553, 1555, 1555, 1556, 1556, 1556, 1557.
Cape Fear
920.
Cape Flattery
904.
Cape Gloucester
2629.
Capelle, Eduard von, German admiral
1762.
Cape Matapan, battle of
2606.
Cape of Good Hope
281, 337, 365, 596, 596, 866, 890, 890, 890, 890, 890, 890, 891, 892, 1524.
Cape Passaro
2617.
Cape Peninsula
890.
Cape Province
38, 1558.
Cape St. Roque
573, 573.
Cape St. Vincent
726.
Cape Sunium
188.
Capet, Hugh, king of France
414, 414, 414, 449.
Capetian dynasty
445, 449, 449, 449, 449, 449, 449, 449, 449, 449, 450, 450, 450, 451, 454, 520, 520, 520, 540.
Cape Town, or Capetown
890, 890, 890, 890, 891, 993, 1119, 1556, 1558, 2577.
Cape Verde Islands
281, 281, 359, 572, 573, 605, 2672, 2915, 2916.
capitalism
1702, 1815; in Italy, 534; 1800–1914, 1144; in the 19th century, 1506; in Africa, 1553.
Capitol
251.
Capitoline Hill
224, 224.
Capitulary of Heristal
411.
Capitulary of Kiersy
413.
Capitulary of Mersen
413.
Capitulations
1712, 2318, 2322, 2325, 2334, 2336, 2340, 2354, 2366, 2367, 2367, 2372, 2379, 2389, 2400.
Capo d'Istria, Giovanni
1272, 1275, 1277.
Caporetto Campaign, World War I
1757, 1757, 1805, 1941.
Cappadocia
111, 112, 115, 124, 209, 237, 240, 240, 247, 275, 275, 428, 435.
Capper-Volstead Act, U.S.
2195.
Capponi, Niccolò, leader of Florentine revolt
607.
Capreae, Capri
247, 247.
Caprera
1217.
Capri
247.
Caprivi, Georg Leo von, German leader
1235, 1237, 1237.
Caprivi Strip, Namibia
4476.
Caps, Swedish political party
762, 763, 763, 763, 764.
Capua
223, 227, 231, 232, 235, 416, 458, 465, 466, 467, 471, 607.
Capuchins, religious order
815, 874, 1332; Africa, 875, 880, 886, 892; Americas, 910.
Carabobo, battle of
1651.
Caracalla, Roman emperor
246, 255, 255, 255, 255, 255.
Caracas
897, 909, 911, 1650, 1650, 1650, 1650, 2671, 3467, 3596, 3597, 3598, 3598, 3599, 3602, 3606.
Caraccioli, Hector, Honduran leader
3694.
Caractacus, British chieftain
248.
Caraffa, Gian Pietro
See Paul IV, pope.
Caralis
110.
Caramania
207.
Carasius, Marcus Aurelius Mausaeus, Roman general and rebel
261, 261.
Caratheodory, Alexander, Ottoman envoy
1108.
Carazao, Rodrigo, Latin American leader
3689.
Carazo, Evaristo, Latin American leader
1683.
Carbonari, Charcoal Burners
1059, 1066, 1066, 1067, 1067, 1067.
Carbury Hill
588.
Carcani, Adil, Albanian leader
3202, 3203.
Carcassonne
452, 479.
Carchedon
See Carthage.
Carchemish
86, 87, 87, 93, 100, 102, 103, 106, 113, 113.
Cardano, Geronimo, mathematician
637.
Cardenal, Ernesto, Nicaraguan priest
2644.
Cárdenas, Adán, Latin American leader
1683.
Cárdenas, Cuauhtemoc, Mexican leader
3705, 3706, 3711.
Cárdenas, Lázaro, Mexican leader
2298, 2298, 2299, 2299, 2300.
Cardiff
2754.
Cardoso, Fernando Henrique, Brazilian leader
3479, 3626, 3627, 3627, 3628, 3628, 3628, 3629.
Cardwell, Edward, British official
1159.
Carelia
628, 630.
Carew, Thomas
587.
Carews, Norman family
425.
Carey, George, archbishop of Canterbury
2965.
Carey, William, English missionary
1394.
Carey Act, U.S.
1607.
Caria
95, 114, 186, 201, 206, 218.
Carías Andino, Tiburcio, Honduran leader
2288, 2289, 2289, 3693.
Caribbean
2238, 2267, 2600, 2636, 2643, 2643, 2656, 3471, 3598, 3600, 3732, 3757, 3759, 3762; and U.S., 2187, 2208.
Caribbean federation
3756.
Caribbean Free Trade Area
3760.
Caribbean Population Research Center
3759.
Caribbean Sea
570, 579, 605, 895, 906, 906, 908, 908, 909, 909, 911, 912, 919, 3428.
Caribs
570, 570.
Carinthia
415, 459, 485, 494, 540, 616, 2006, 3040.
Carinus, Marcus Aurelius, Roman emperor
258, 261.
Carl
See Haakon VII, king of Norway.
Carlén, Emelie Flygare, writer
1076.
Carlists, Spain
1045, 1203.
Carlist War, Spain
1045, 1062, 1203, 1204.
Carloman, Frankish leader
407.
Carloman, king of Austrasia
410.
Carloman, king of Bavaria
409, 415, 415.
Carloman, king of France
413, 483.
Carloman, son of Charles the Bald
413.
 
 
The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth edition. Peter N. Stearns, general editor. Copyright © 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Maps by Mary Reilly, copyright 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

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