III. The Postclassical Period, 500–1500 > G. The Americas, 1000–1525 > 4. Post-Columbian Discoveries, 1497–1522 > 1519
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  The Encyclopedia of World History.  2001.
 
 
1519
 
Álvarez Pineda completed exploration of the Gulf of Mexico by following the coast from Florida to Vera Cruz and back. Francisco de Gordillo advanced up the Atlantic coast to South Carolina (1521), and Pedro de Quexos traveled as far as 40 degrees N.L. (1525).  1
 
1519–22
 
Circumnavigation of the globe by Ferdinand Magellan (Fernão de Magalhães, c. 1480–1521). The crown of Spain sent Magellan to find a strait to the Moluccas. He sailed on Sept. 20, 1519, reached the Brazilian coast near Pernambuco, explored the estuary of the Río de la Plata, passed through the strait that bears his name, and entered the Pacific Ocean. After following the coast to about 40 degrees S.L. he turned northwest and then west, and eventually, after sighting only two tiny atolls, reached Guam (March 6) and the Philippines (March 15, 1521). At Mactan, near Cebu, Filipinos killed him (April 27). His ship Victoria, under Juan Sebastián del Cano, continued westward and reached Spain (Sept. 6, 1522), thus completing the first circumnavigation of the globe.  2
 
1524–25
 
Esteban Gómez, sailing from Spain, followed the North American coast from Nova Scotia in the north to Florida in the south. (See The Spanish Conquest) (See New Spain, 1518–1574)  3
 
 
 
The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth edition. Peter N. Stearns, general editor. Copyright © 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Maps by Mary Reilly, copyright 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

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