V. The Modern Period, 1789–1914 > A. Global and Comparative Dimensions > 4. Polar Explorations > b. Early Modern European Expeditions
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  The Encyclopedia of World History.  2001.
 
 
b. Early Modern European Expeditions
1553–54
 
Sir Hugh Willoughby and Richard Chancellor travel to Kola Peninsula.  1
 
1576
 
Sir Martin Frobisher sought the Northwest Passage in northern Canada.  2
 
1585–87
 
John Davis sought the Northwest Passage in northern Canada.  3
 
1594–97
 
Three voyages of Willem Barents and Cornelis Nay in northern Russia, exploring islands and routes in region of Barents Sea.  4
 
1607–11
 
Voyages of HENRY HUDSON, searching for Northwest Passage and exploring northern Canada.  5
 
1610–48
 
Russian Cossacks conquered Siberia and explored north coasts and major Arctic rivers.  6
 
1670
 
Hudson's Bay Company was granted royal charter for trade in North America and began explorations of Arctic areas.  7
 
1728–41
 
Voyages of VITRUS BERING to explore north Pacific basin and Bering Strait regions.  8
 
1732–43
 
Russian government survey of the whole Siberian coast.  9
 
1738–39
 
Pierre Bouvet sighted land south of Capetown in an expedition to prove or disprove the existence of an Antarctic continent.  10
 
1772–75
 
CAPT. JAMES COOK's second voyage of Pacific exploration circumnavigated Antarctica for the first time, farthest southern penetration to that time.  11
 
 
 
The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth edition. Peter N. Stearns, general editor. Copyright © 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Maps by Mary Reilly, copyright 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

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