VII. The Contemporary Period, 1945–2000 > B. Europe, 1945–2000 > 7. Eastern Europe, 1945–2000 > c. Hungary
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  The Encyclopedia of World History.  2001.
 
(See Dec. 21)
 
c. Hungary
 
 
1945, Nov. 3
 
The first general election gave an absolute majority to the anticommunist Smallholders' Party, whose leader, Zoltan Tildy, formed a coalition cabinet. The Communists gained the Interior and Justice Ministries and thus controlled the secret police.  1
The economic situation of the country was desperate as a result of the war, with serious food shortages and an unprecedented currency inflation. Large-scale Soviet requisitions further aggravated the situation.  2
 
1946
 
About 150,000 ethnic Germans were expelled; another 100,000 were expelled in 1947.  3
 
Feb. 1
 
A republic was proclaimed with Zoltan Tildy as president. Ferenc Nagy of the Smallholders' Party became premier on Feb. 4.  4
 
 
 
The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth edition. Peter N. Stearns, general editor. Copyright © 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Maps by Mary Reilly, copyright 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

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