VII. The Contemporary Period, 1945–2000 > G. East Asia, 1945–2000
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  The Encyclopedia of World History.  2001.
 
(See Aug.–Sept)
 
G. East Asia, 1945–2000
1. China, 1945–2000
 
 
a. The Civil War
 
The immediate postwar years witnessed various efforts to keep the Guomindang (GMD) and the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) from returning to the bloody civil war that had preceded the anti-Japanese united front. Within a year, however, those efforts had gone for naught, and the second civil war broke out. The Communists' victory came with stunning rapidity, and by 1949 there were two Chinas.  1
 
1945, Aug. 26–Oct. 10
 
Negotiations between JIANG JIESHI (Chiang Kai-shek) (1888–1975) and MAO ZEDONG (Mao Tse-tung) (1893–1976) failed to settle their differences, and before the end of October, heavy fighting was in progress between Nationalists and Communists in northern China. Each side aimed at the control of Manchuria, which was being evacuated by Soviet forces.  2
 
Nov
 
Jiang sent a large force north of the Great Wall against the Communist forces in Manchuria. Late in the month, Patrick Hurley, U.S. ambassador to China, resigned.  3
 
Dec. 14
 
The U.S. sent Gen. George Marshall (1880–1959) as mediator.  4
 
 
 
The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth edition. Peter N. Stearns, general editor. Copyright © 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Maps by Mary Reilly, copyright 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

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