VII. The Contemporary Period, 1945–2000 > D. Latin America, 1945–2000 > 2. South America, 1945–2000 > c. Paraguay
  The Encyclopedia of World History.  2001.
(See 1939, April 30–1940)
c. Paraguay
1946, July 26
Gen. Higenio Morinigo formed a two-party cabinet, thus ending a six-year dictatorship.  1
1947, March–Aug
Civil war between the government and left-wing forces under former president Rafael Franco ended with the latter's defeat.  2
The retirement of Pres. Morinigo ushered in a procession of presidents: Manuel Frutos (June 6, 1948), Natalicio González (Aug. 5, 1948), Raimundo Rolón (Jan. 30, 1949), Molás López (Feb. 27, 1949), and Federico Chávez (Sept. 12, 1949).  3
1954, May 4
A revolution led to the installation of a government junta headed by ALFREDO STROESSNER (b. 1912).  4
Stroessner introduced an austerity program in the style of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), driving down wages and provoking unrest. All opposition and the strikes that followed were repressed.  5
Paraguayan women were granted the vote.  6
1963, Feb. 10
Gen. Alfredo Stroessner, president since 1955, met only token opposition in his bid for reelection. Stroessner, a champion of foreign interests, organized the political life of the nation around his Colorado Party; opposition meant possible torture, exile, and murder.  7
Aug. 15
Stroessner was sworn in for a third term as president.  8
The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth edition. Peter N. Stearns, general editor. Copyright © 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Maps by Mary Reilly, copyright 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.