VI. The World Wars and the Interwar Period, 1914–1945 > E. Latin America and the Caribbean, 1914–1945 > 3. Central America > d. El Salvador
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  The Encyclopedia of World History.  2001.
 
(See 1871–1914)
 
d. El Salvador
 
 
1914
 
Alfonso Quiñones Molina became president. He represented the Meléndez-Quiñones family, which would control the presidency through several members until 1927, ruling under a state of siege after 1917.  1
 
1922
 
Several thousand women marching in San Salvador on behalf of opposition politicians were attacked and many killed by soldiers.  2
 
1923
 
Signing of a loan agreement between U.S. banks and El Salvador. The agreement, which gave the U.S. control of customs in the event of default on loans, accelerated the emergence of the U.S. as the dominant investor in El Salvador.  3
 
1927
 
Pío Romero Bosque, president.  4
 
1929
 
Founding of the Communist Party of El Salvador (PCES).  5
 
1931
 
Amid high rural unemployment and a growing rural protest movement led by the founder of El Salvador's Communist Party, Agustín Farabundo Martí, the populist engineer Arturo Araujo was elected president.  6
 
Dec. 2
 
A coup d'état enabled Maximiliano Hernández Martínez (1883–1966) to make himself president.  7
 
 
 
The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth edition. Peter N. Stearns, general editor. Copyright © 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Maps by Mary Reilly, copyright 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

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