V. The Modern Period, 1789–1914 > G. Africa, 1795–1917 > 3. Regions > f. Southern Africa
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  The Encyclopedia of World History.  2001.
 
(See 1800)
 
f. Southern Africa
 
 
1. North of the Limpopo
c. 1800–50
 
Exports of slaves from Mozambique to South America rose to over 15,000 per year. In some years, 25,000 slaves were exported.  1
 
1800–40
 
Lozi state, composed of pastoralist people on the Zambezi floodplain, emerged. The Lozi king acted as the owner of cattle, which he redistributed in return for other goods, generating a kind of internal trade.  2
 
1827–29
 
A Portuguese garrison was established in Lundazi District, Zambia.  3
 
1840–64
 
The Lozi of the Zambezi floodplain (Zambia) were conquered and ruled by Kololo cattle-raiding migrants from Botswana, displaced by the social disruption known as Mfecane, who successfully adopted the Lozi canoe-based tributary system. The Kololo also entered the Angolan slave trade with captives generated by cattle raids, beginning in 1850. Soon thereafter they also entered the ivory trade, which brought about tensions leading to the kingdom's disintegration in the 1860s.  4
 
c. 1840
 
Ndebele trekked to Matabeleland and defeated the Kalanga and the Rozwi. Kololo migrated across the Zambezi to the Tonga Plateau. The Ngoni incursions began, destabilizing wide swaths of the Central and East African interior.  5
 
1850–65
 
Export of slaves from Mozambique declined and then ended.  6
 
1859
 
London Missionary Society mission founded in Inyati, Southern Rhodesia.  7
 
1861–64
 
Failure of the UMCA (University Mission to Central Africa) mission to Shire Highlands, Nyasaland.  8
 
1862
 
J. S. Moffat joined the mission at Inyati.  9
 
c. 1873
 
Four hundred white and black pupils attended schools in Mozambique.  10
 
 
 
The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth edition. Peter N. Stearns, general editor. Copyright © 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Maps by Mary Reilly, copyright 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

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