II. Ancient and Classical Periods, 3500 B.C.E.–500 C.E. > C. Early Civilizations and Classical Empires of South and East Asia > 2. South Asia, 72 B.C.E.–500 C.E. > d. Ceylon (Sri Lanka)
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  The Encyclopedia of World History.  2001.
 
 
d. Ceylon (Sri Lanka)
 
Ceylon traditionally received Buddhism from Ashoka under  1
 
?247–?207 B.C.E
 
Devanampiya Tissa, who founded the Mahavihara or Great Monastery at his capital Anuradhapura. The Pali Tripitaka, which reflects Theravadin tradition, was written under  2
 
89 B.C.E.–40 C.E. or 29 B.C.E.–?17 C.E
 
Vattagamani, who founded the rival Abhayagiri Monastery. His epoch is supported by the geography (c. 90–200 C.E.) of the Mahaniddesa, a commentary admitted late to the Canon.  3
 
412–434
 
Mahanaman, Buddhaghosha of Magadha, author of the Visuddhimagga or “Way of Purity,” recorded in Pali Singhalese traditions. (See Ceylon)  4
 
 
 
The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth edition. Peter N. Stearns, general editor. Copyright © 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Maps by Mary Reilly, copyright 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

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