III. The Postclassical Period, 500–1500 > C. South and Southeast Asia, 500–1500 > 3. South Asia, 1000–1500 > d. Ceylon
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  The Encyclopedia of World History.  2001.
 
 
d. Ceylon
846
 
The capital of Ceylon (modern Sri Lanka) was moved south to Polonnaruva to escape Tamil invasions.  1
 
1001–17
 
The two great invasions (1001–4 and 1014–17) by Chola Rajaraja and his son Rajendra.  2
 
1065–1120
 
Vijayabahu ruled prosperously despite further incursions (1046, 1055).  3
 
1164–97
 
Parakramabahu I repelled the Tamils (1168), invaded Madura, and united the two rival monasteries.  4
 
1225–60
 
Parakramabahu II repelled two attacks (c. 1236 and c. 1256) by a king of Tambralinga (Ligor on the Straits of Malacca), with Pandya help.  5
 
1284
 
The king sent a relic of the Buddha to Khubilai Khan. (See India, 1500–1800)  6
 
 
 
The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth edition. Peter N. Stearns, general editor. Copyright © 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Maps by Mary Reilly, copyright 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

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