II. Ancient and Classical Periods, 3500 B.C.E.–500 C.E. > B. Kingdoms of Western Asia and Africa, to 323 B.C.E. > 10. Arabia, c. 850–332 B.C.E.
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  The Encyclopedia of World History.  2001.
 
 
10. Arabia, c. 850–332 B.C.E.
a. Geography
 
Arabia is divided into northern and southern regions. The north is mainly flat desert dotted by oases, while in the southwest the Sarat Mountains rise up to 10,000 feet and receive generous rainfall. The main trade route ran through Yathrib (Medina), with a western branch running through Dedan to Ma`in to Gaza and an eastern branch through Teima to Qedar (Duma) to Mesopotamia. The population was around 100,000 in 2000 B.C.E., rising to around 500,000 by the end of the second millennium.  1
 
 
 
The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth edition. Peter N. Stearns, general editor. Copyright © 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Maps by Mary Reilly, copyright 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

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