V. The Modern Period, 1789–1914 > B. The French Revolution and Europe, 1789–1914 > 6. European Diplomacy, 1848–1914 > 1901, July–Aug
  The Encyclopedia of World History.  2001.
1901, July–Aug
Beginning of the negotiations for an Anglo-Japanese alliance.  1
1902, Jan. 30
The ANGLO-JAPANESE ALLIANCE (See 1902, Jan. 30), marking the end of Britain's “splendid isolation.”  2
March 20
Franco-Russian declaration in favor of the principles enunciated in the Anglo-Japanese Alliance and reserving the right to take counsel to safeguard their interests. This was generally taken as a counterblast to the new combination and an extension of the Franco-Russian Alliance to the Far East, but this was probably an exaggeration.  3
June 28
Renewal of the Triple Alliance for six years. The demands of the Italians for greater concessions were evaded, but they were given assurances with regard to Tripoli.  4
Nov. 1
Italian note to France, assuring it that in the event of its being attacked, Italy would remain neutral: “the same shall hold good in case France, as the result of a direct provocation, should find herself compelled, in defense of her honor or of her security, to take the initiative of a declaration of war.” Italy also gave assurance that it was not a party and would not be a party to any military agreement in conflict with this declaration. Completion of the Italian-French entente. Nadir of the Triple Alliance, the relations between Italy and Austria being badly strained by irredentist agitation.  5
Nov. 8
Failure of the French agreement with Spain on Morocco. The French had offered the Spaniards a substantial part of northern Morocco as a sphere, but the Spanish government drew back for fear of antagonizing Britain.  6
The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth edition. Peter N. Stearns, general editor. Copyright © 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Maps by Mary Reilly, copyright 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.