V. The Modern Period, 1789–1914 > A. Global and Comparative Dimensions > 4. Polar Explorations
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  The Encyclopedia of World History.  2001.
 
 
4. Polar Explorations
 
THE ARCTIC REGIONS (MAP)
TERRITORAL CLAIMS IN THE ANTARCTIC, 1965 (MAP)
 
a. Early Explorations
 
Scandinavian: c. 870: Ottar, a Norseman, sailed along the northern Norwegian coast; 875–900: Iceland was colonized; 982–85: Eric the Red founded colony in Greenland; 1194: Spitsbergen discovered.  1
 
 
 
The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth edition. Peter N. Stearns, general editor. Copyright © 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Maps by Mary Reilly, copyright 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

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