II. Ancient and Classical Periods, 3500 B.C.E.–500 C.E. > A. Global and Comparative Dimensions > 3. Classical Civilizations, 300 B.C.E.–500 C.E. > c. Chinese Imperial Unity
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  The Encyclopedia of World History.  2001.
 
 
c. Chinese Imperial Unity
 
In 221 B.C.E., Shi Huangdi of the QIN dynasty conquered all of the rival states that had emerged in the later Zhou Empire. Qin control did not survive Shi Huangdi's death, but imperial unification was reestablished in 202 B.C.E. by the HAN dynasty. By the time the Han Empire disintegrated in the 3rd century C.E., a clear sense of Chinese unity had been established, and it survived nearly four centuries of division until the reunification of China under the SUI dynasty in 589 C.E.  1
 
 
 
The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth edition. Peter N. Stearns, general editor. Copyright © 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Maps by Mary Reilly, copyright 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

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