VII. The Contemporary Period, 1945–2000 > E. The Middle East and North Africa, 1945–2000 > 3. The Middle East and Egypt, 1943–2000 > b. Cyprus
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  The Encyclopedia of World History.  2001.
 
 
b. Cyprus
1945
 
Agitation among Greek Cypriots for Enosis, union with Greece. The ethnic Turks on the island, who constituted about 20 percent of the population, adamantly opposed it.  1
 
1946, Aug
 
Cyprus began to play an important role as a way station for Jews immigrating to Palestine.  2
 
1948, May
 
British submission of the Winster Constitution, which granted greater autonomy to Cyprus. It was rejected outright by the Greek Cypriot community under the leadership of the Greek Orthodox Church.  3
 
1950, Jan. 15
 
Greek Orthodox officials conducted a referendum on Cyprus's future in which 95.7 percent of the Greek Cypriot electorate voted for Enosis. The Greek government made the absorption of Cyprus an official national policy (Feb. 11, 1951).  4
 
Oct. 18
 
Election of Michael Mouskos, bishop of Citium, as Archbishop MAKARIOS III. He quickly became the central figure in the struggle for Cypriot independence. After his election as the first president of Cyprus (1961), he pursued pragmatic policies that aimed to preserve the binational character of the Cypriot state and peaceful relations among the island's communities.  5
 
 
 
The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth edition. Peter N. Stearns, general editor. Copyright © 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Maps by Mary Reilly, copyright 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

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