VI. The World Wars and the Interwar Period, 1914–1945 > C. Europe, 1919–1945 > 15. The Scandinavian States > d. Sweden
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  The Encyclopedia of World History.  2001.
 
(See 1909, Aug. 4)
 
d. Sweden
 
 
1907–50
 
GUSTAVUS V, king.  1
 
1917, Dec. 29
 
The Aaland Islands, following the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia, voted to join Sweden, but later (June 24, 1921) the League of Nations council assigned them to Finland, with the proviso that they should be demilitarized.  2
 
1918, Nov. 13
 
Worker demonstrations in Stockholm demanded a general strike, establishment of a socialist republic, and organization of workers' and soldiers' councils. The government moved quickly to introduce sweeping suffrage reform. By 1919 tax restrictions, property restrictions, and gender restrictions were all abandoned, except for people on poor relief, and the voting age was set at 23.  3
 
1920, March 4
 
Sweden joined the League of Nations.  4
 
March 10
 
Hjalmar Branting formed the first purely Socialist cabinet. From 1920 to 1926 the Socialists formed three governments that ruled for all but approximately two and a half years. These Socialist cabinets enacted a large body of social reform legislation for both workers and peasants, and greatly reduced the military establishment. After the downfall of the Socialist government in June 1926, there followed a number of Liberal and Conservative governments.  5
 
 
 
The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth edition. Peter N. Stearns, general editor. Copyright © 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Maps by Mary Reilly, copyright 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

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