V. The Modern Period, 1789–1914 > B. The French Revolution and Europe, 1789–1914 > 7. Western and Central Europe, 1848–1914 > g. Switzerland
  The Encyclopedia of World History.  2001.
(See 1848, Sept. 12)
g. Switzerland
Economic development. The Swiss federal government sought to standardize currencies and weights and measures, expand and regulate postal and telegraph systems, and encourage technological development. While attempting to assure greater federal control, the government continued to face difficulties because the federal system in Switzerland allowed each canton significant independence, including the creation of its own constitution.  1
The canton of Glarus restricted men to a 13-hour workday, or 10-hour night shifts, and tried but failed to establish an intercantonal regulatory agreement.  2
The role of the Swiss as mercenary soldiers in Europe ended as the Federal Assembly forbade recruiting in Switzerland on behalf of foreign powers and military capitulations in accordance with the new constitution.  3
Following a review by English engineers, the Bund lost most of its authority over railway building. The railways became privately owned, and the miles of track grew substantially.  4
The state took control of secondary education in the canton of Ticino. The state abolished several religious institutions responsible for teaching and expelled the monks.  5
The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth edition. Peter N. Stearns, general editor. Copyright © 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Maps by Mary Reilly, copyright 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.