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  The Encyclopedia of World History.  2001.
 
I. Roman Emperors
 
 
27 B.C.–14 C.E.Augustus (Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus)
14–37Tiberius (Tiberius Claudius Nero Caesar)
37–41Caligula (Gaius Claudius Nero Caesar Germanicus)
41–54Claudius (Tiberius Claudius Nero Caesar Drusus)
54–68Nero (Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus Claudius Drusus)
68–69Galba (Servius Sulpicius Galba)
69Otho (Marcus Salvius Otho)
69Vitellius (Aulus Vitellius Germanicus)
69–79Vespasian (Titus Flavius Vespasianus)
79–81Titus (Titus Flavius Vespasianus)
81–96Domitian (Titus Flavius Domitianus)
96–98Nerva (Marcus Cocceius Nerva)
98–117Trajan (Marcus Ulpius Nerva Traianus)
117–38Hadrian (Publius Aelius Traianus Hadrianus)
138–61Antoninus Pius (Titus Aurelius Fulvius Boionius Arrius Antoninus Pius)
161 (146)–80Marcus Aurelius (Marcus Annius Aurelius Verus)
161–69Lucius Aurelius Verus (Lucius Ceionius Commodus Verus)
180 (177)–92Commodus (Lucius Aelius Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Commodus)
193Pertinax (Publius Helvius Pertinax)
193Didius Julian (Marcus Didius Salvius Julianus Severus)
193–211Septimius Severus (Lucius Septimius Severus)
211 (198)–17Caracalla (Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Bassianus Caracallus)
209–11Geta (Publius Septimius Geta)
217–18Macrinus (Marcus Opellius Severus Macrinus)
218–22Elagabalus (Marcus Varius Avitus Bassianus Aurelius Antoninus Heliogabalus)
222–35Alexander Severus (Marcus Alexianus Bassianus Aurelius Severus Alexander)
235–38Maximin (Gaius Julius Verus Maximinus “Thrax”)
238Gordian I (Marcus Antonius Gordianus)
238Gordian II
238Pupienus (Marcus Clodius Pupienus Maximus)
238Balbinus (Decimus Caelius Balbinus)
238–44Gordian III (Marcus Antonius Gordianus)
244–49Philipp “Arabs” (Marcus Julius Philippus “Arabs”)
249–51Decius (Gaius Messius Quintus Traianus Decius)
251Hostilian (Gaius Valens Hostilianus Messius Quintus)
251–53Gallus (Gaius Vibius Trebonianus Gallus)
253Aemilian (Marcus Julius Aemilius Aemilianus)
253–59Valerian (Gaius Publius Licinius Valerianus)
259 (253)–68Gallienus (Publius Licinius Egnatius Gallienus)
268–70Claudius II (Marcus Aurelius Claudius Gothicus)
270Quintillus (Marcus Aurelius Claudius Quintillus)
270–75Aurelian (Lucius Domitius Aurelianus)
275–76Tacitus (Marcus Claudius Tacitus)
276Florian (Marcus Annius Florianus)
276–82Probus (Marcus Aurelius Probus)
282–83Carus (Marcus Aurelius Carus)
283–84Numerian (Marcus Aurelius Numerius Numerianus)
283–85Carinus (Marcus Aurelius Carinus)
284–305Diocletian (Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocles Jovius)
286–305Maximian (Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus Herculius)
305 (293)–306Constantius I (Flavius Valerius Constantius Chlorus)
305 (293)–311Galerius (Gaius Galerius Valerius Maximianus)
306–7Severus (Flavius Valerius Severus)
306–8Maximian (second reign)
306–12Maxentius (Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maxentius)
308–13Maximinus Daia (Galerius Valerius Maximinus Daia)
311 (307)–24Licinius (Gaius Flavius Valerius Licinianus Licinius)
311 (306)–37Constantine I, the Great (Flavius Valerius Constantinus)
337–40Constantine II (Flavius Valerius Claudius Constantinus)
337–61Constantius II (Flavius Valerius Julius Constantius)
337–50Constans (Flavius Valerius Julius Constans)
361–63Julian, the Apostate (Flavius Claudius Julianus)
363–64Jovian (Flavius Jovianus)
364–75Valentinian I (Flavius Valentinianus, in the West)
364–78Valens (in the East)
375 (367)–83Gratian (Flavius Graatianus Augustus, in the West)
375–92Valentinian II (Flavius Valentinianus, in the West)
379–95Theodosius, the Great (Flavius Theodosius, in the East, and, after 392, in the West)
383–88Maximus (Magnus Clemens Maximus)
392–94Eugenius
395 (383)–408Arcadius (in the East)
395 (393)–423Honorius (Flavius Honorius, in the West)
421Constantius III
423–25Johannes
408 (402)–50Theodosius II (in the East)
425–55Valentinian III (Flavius Placidius Valentinianus, in the West)
450–57Marcian (Marcianus, in the East)
455Petronius (Flavius Ancius Petronius Maximus, in the West)
455–56Avitus (Flavius Maecilius Eparchus Avitus, in the West)
457–61Majorian (Julius Valerius Maioranus, in the West)
457–74Leo I (Leo Thrax, Magnus, in the East)
461–65Severus (Libius Severianus Severus, in the West)
467–72Anthemius (Procopius Anthemius, in the West)
472Olybrius (Anicius Olybrius, in the West)
473Glycerius (in the West)
473–75Julius Nepos (in the West)
473–74Leo II (in the East)
474–91Zeno (in the East)
475–76Romulus Augustulus (Flavius Momyllus Romulus Augustus, in the West)
 
 
The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth edition. Peter N. Stearns, general editor. Copyright © 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Maps by Mary Reilly, copyright 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

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