V. The Modern Period, 1789–1914 > B. The French Revolution and Europe, 1789–1914 > 7. Western and Central Europe, 1848–1914 > d. France
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  The Encyclopedia of World History.  2001.
 
(See Nov. 2)
 
d. France
1. The Second Empire
 
 
1852, Jan 1
 
Louis-Napoleon (Napoleon III) became emperor by decree of the Senate and by plebiscite.  1
 
Jan. 14–15
 
The constitution of 1852 was signed. It concentrated power in Louis-Napoleon's hands. Louis-Napoleon steered France through moderate economic reforms. He sought mass support by providing for universal male suffrage and confiscating Orléanist estates. He utilized some of the money from these estates for charitable causes. However, his reign was plagued by rumors of assassination plans and attempts on his life.  2
 
 
 
The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth edition. Peter N. Stearns, general editor. Copyright © 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Maps by Mary Reilly, copyright 2001 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

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